# Ch 44: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Analyzing Scientific Data

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Math / Science: Analyzing Scientific Data - Chapter Summary

Let this chapter help you review the process of analyzing scientific data. View the video lessons prior to taking the MTEL Middle School Math/Science examination to increase your capacity to measure a central tendency, understand linear and nonlinear relationships, and assess scientific data when conducting experiments. You might also become more adept at interpreting the data in line graphs. Upon finishing this chapter, you should know how to:

- Properly evaluate data and its reproducibility
- Explain the process of performing a scientific experiment
- Define and calculate mean, median and mode
- Understand the scientific method and interpret scientific charts
- Create graphs and scatter-plots of scientific data
- Distinguish between linear and nonlinear relationships on a graph
- Find missing values in an equation

Brush up on subjects you may have grown rusty on as you get set to address related questions on the MTEL Middle School Math / Science examination. Developed and presented by professional educators, the video lessons and short quizzes will prepare you and test your knowledge retention. Study at your own pace and enjoy the flexibility of online learning. You may pause the lessons as you write down pertinent information, look up bold keywords that you find in the written transcripts or submit your questions to the experts via the Dashboard.

### MTEL Middle School Math / Science: Analyzing Scientific Data Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Middle School Math / Science examination is comprised of 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments. Subarea IV, Data Analysis, Statistics and Probability, tests your knowledge of central tendency as well as your ability to interpret the data in charts and tables. Equal to 6% of the test score, the subarea includes between seven and nine multiple-choice questions.

### 1. Evaluating Data from Scientific Investigation

After watching this video, you will be able to explain the meaning of the terms 'accuracy' and 'reproducibility,' or precision, as they relate to science experiments. A short quiz will follow.

### 2. Variables & Controls in a Science Experiment

After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science experiments are conducted; what variables, controlled variables, and controls are: and why these things are important. A short quiz will follow.

### 3. Measures of Central Tendency: Definitions & Practice

After watching this video, you will be able to explain the meaning of the terms central tendency, mode, mean and median. You will also be able to calculate these three values from provided data. A short quiz will follow.

### 4. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts

How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.

### 5. How to Construct Graphs from Data & Interpret Them

After watching this video, you should be able to explain what a graph is, construct a scatter plot, and interpret scatter plots from scientific data. A short quiz will follow.

### 6. Linear & Nonlinear Relationships in Data Graphs

After watching this video, you will be able to explain the difference between linear and nonlinear relationships when plotting graphs. A short quiz will follow.

### 7. Solve for Unknowns in Scientific Equations

Calculating a missing value in an equation is something you may come across in your scientific analyses. As long as you know the relationship between the variables in the equation, as well as the rest of the measured values, this is a relatively straightforward process for you to master.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School)(51): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Numerical & Algebraic Properties
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Properties of Equality & Inequality
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Mathematical Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Decimals & Decimal Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Percents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Estimation in Math
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Roots & Powers
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebra Basics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Sequences & Series
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Geometric Properties & Theorems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebraic Applications in Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Using Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Types of Data
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Conditional & Independent Probability
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics Calculations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Basics of Logic
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Scientific Research
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Scientific Method
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Data Collection
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Laboratory Procedures & Safety
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Experimental Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matter
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement & Problem Solving
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Atomic Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Periodic Table
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Bonding
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Phase Changes for Liquids & Solids
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solutions in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Acids, Bases & Reactions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Equilibrium
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Kinetics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Thermodynamics in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's First Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Second Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Third Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Force & Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Wave Behavior
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Waves, Sound & Light
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Energy
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Electricity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Magnetism & Electromagnetism
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cells & Living Things
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cell Division
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: DNA
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetic Mutations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Origin & History of the Earth
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Evolving Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Forces that Change the Earth's Surface
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Hydrosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Structure of the Earth's Atmosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solar System
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe
- MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) Flashcards