Ch 83: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe

About This Chapter

Watch short video lessons to gain greater insight into the characteristics of the universe. You can refresh your knowledge of tidal friction, the cycle of the seasons and more as you study for the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) assessment.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe - Chapter Summary

The MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) assessment can be challenging for individuals who haven't explored exam topics in months or years. To simplify your studying process, review the characteristics of the universe and ensure you're prepared for:

  • Explaining how the earth and sun affect the phases of the moon
  • Discussing how gravity, the moon and the sun influence tides
  • Analyzing tidal friction and its effects on the earth and moon
  • Exploring the cycle of seasons in astronomy
  • Describing the geography of the four seasons
  • Identifying the four important stages of evolution in the early universe
  • Providing insight into the geologic time scale

Instructors in the lessons offer the definitions and explanations you need to competently answer questions related to the characteristics of the universe on the exam. Watch the lessons from the comfort of your home, or on the go using your smartphone or tablet.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe - Chapter Objectives

In Massachusetts, the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) assessment is used to help educators gain the licensure needed to teach these subjects in middle schools. The subject-matter test is computer based and consists of 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments. Topics in this chapter are found in the earth and space science subarea of the test, which constitutes about 8% of test and is found in the multiple-choice section.

Simplify your preparations for the exam by reviewing the lessons in their video or transcript formats. If you want to visit specific portions of the videos, use the timelines located below them to identify and skip to key topics. You can take self-assessment quizzes and a chapter exam to gauge how well you understand the materials. Using these resources, you can improve your chances of earning a passing score or 240 or more.

7 Lessons in Chapter 83: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
How Earth & the Sun Affect the Phases of the Moon

1. How Earth & the Sun Affect the Phases of the Moon

This lesson will describe how the moon, Earth, and sun combine to form the phases of the moon. We'll also discuss the important concept of synchronous rotation.

How Gravity, the Moon & the Sun Influence Tides

2. How Gravity, the Moon & the Sun Influence Tides

This lesson will define tides, the tidal force, neap tide, and spring tide. It will also talk about how the sun, moon, and Earth interact to produce tidal bulges.

Tidal Friction: Effects on Earth & the Moon

3. Tidal Friction: Effects on Earth & the Moon

This lesson will go over the concept of tidal friction, why it occurs, and how all of that has affected Earth's spin and day length, as well as the moon's rotation and distance from Earth.

The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy

4. The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy

This lesson will explain to you why the Earth has different seasons, what the equinoxes and solstices are, their names, and if the distance the Earth is from the Sun influences the seasons.

Geography of the Four Seasons

5. Geography of the Four Seasons

This lesson will explain how the earth's axis and rotation affect seasons. In doing this, it will also highlight the concept of the summer and winter solstices, as well as how seasons vary around the globe.

The Evolution of the Early Universe

6. The Evolution of the Early Universe

This lesson will describe four important stages of development in the early universe, the radiation era, recombination (decoupling) epoch, the dark age, and reionization era.

Geologic Time Scale: Major Eons, Eras, Periods and Epochs

7. Geologic Time Scale: Major Eons, Eras, Periods and Epochs

The geologic time scale is an essential tool for understanding the history of Earth and the evolution of life. In this lesson, explore the principal eons, eras, periods, and epochs that help us track major events in geologic history.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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