# Ch 78: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Forces that Change the Earth's Surface

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Forces that Change the Earth's Surface - Chapter Summary

This comprehensive overview can prepare you to answer questions related to the forces that change the earth's surface on the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) assessment. Explore the video lessons to make sure you're ready for:

- Explaining the unified theory for how the earth's surface changes
- Identifying the causes of tectonic plate movement
- Discussing the three types of plate boundaries and how they're formed
- Examining the internal and external forces that shape the earth's surface
- Defining and identifying types and processes of glaciers
- Analyzing the effects of ground and surface water on landscapes
- Detailing the effect wind action has on the desert landscape

The instructors in the lessons are highly skilled at presenting pertinent test information in a fun and engaging visual package. After watching the lessons, if you need additional information about topics covered, submit your questions to experts who are ready to help.

### MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Forces that Change the Earth's Surface Objectives

This chapter explores topics covered in the earth and space science subarea of the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) assessment. This subarea constitutes about 8% of the total test and is found in the multiple-choice section. Succeeding in this portion of the exam increases your chances of earning a minimum passing score of 240. If you pass, you can secure the licensure needed to teach math and science to middle school students in Massachusetts.

In addition to watching the video lessons in this chapter, you can access lesson transcripts with easily identifiable vocabulary words to boost your knowledge of the forces that change the earth's surface. Lesson quizzes and a chapter exam are available to assess your comprehension of the subject area.

### 1. Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

After many years of trying to solve the mystery of the moving continents, enough data and evidence was collected to develop a unifying theory of how the surface of the earth changes. It's called plate tectonics.

### 2. Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

In this lesson, we explore the causes of plate movement, including thermal convection, ridge push and slab pull. Students will learn how these processes complement each other and form a theory for tectonic plate movement.

### 3. Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

In the theory of plate tectonics, the earth's crust is broken into plates that move around relative to each other. As a result of this movement, three types of plate boundaries are formed: divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries.

### 4. The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface

There are many geologic processes that shape the surface of the Earth. Not only do they build and destroy a variety of landscapes, but they also give us clues to the interior of the Earth and the forces that exist there.

### 5. What Are Glaciers? - Definition, Types & Processes

Learn about the two major types of glaciers: continental and alpine glaciers. These glaciers shape the landscape around them and affect our everyday lives, even if the nearest glacier is thousands of miles away.

### 6. Ground and Surface Water: Effects On Landscapes

In this lesson, you will learn how groundwater and surface water form features on Earth and cause changes in landscapes. You will also learn about the different types of features formed by each type of water.

### 7. Wind Action & Effects on the Desert Landscape

Wind is a powerful force that has the ability to shape a landscape. In deserts, wind action changes the landscape through wind erosion in the form of abrasion and deflation.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School)(51): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Numerical & Algebraic Properties
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Properties of Equality & Inequality
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Mathematical Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Decimals & Decimal Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Percents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Estimation in Math
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Roots & Powers
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebra Basics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Sequences & Series
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Geometric Properties & Theorems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebraic Applications in Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Using Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Types of Data
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Conditional & Independent Probability
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics Calculations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Basics of Logic
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Scientific Research
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Scientific Method
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Data Collection
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Analyzing Scientific Data
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Laboratory Procedures & Safety
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Experimental Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matter
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement & Problem Solving
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Atomic Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Periodic Table
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Bonding
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Phase Changes for Liquids & Solids
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solutions in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Acids, Bases & Reactions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Equilibrium
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Kinetics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Thermodynamics in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's First Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Second Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Third Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Force & Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Wave Behavior
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Waves, Sound & Light
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Energy
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Electricity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Magnetism & Electromagnetism
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cells & Living Things
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cell Division
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: DNA
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetic Mutations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Origin & History of the Earth
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Evolving Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Hydrosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Structure of the Earth's Atmosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solar System
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe
- MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) Flashcards