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Ch 40: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science

About This Chapter

Learning about the beginnings of science will be an exciting experience for your students. This chapter on the foundations of science prepares you to take the MTEL Middle School exam and start your teaching journey.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science - Chapter Summary

A universe of knowledge can be learned under the umbrella of science. The collection of lessons in this portion of the MTEL Middle School Math/Science course will remind you of everything you have previously learned about the fundamentals of science and give you a chance to brush up on the material before the exam. This chapter goes over the following topics:

  • Ethics and scientific investigations
  • A history of science and theories
  • Causes, effects and leaders of the Scientific Revolution
  • Science and the influence on society and beliefs
  • Earth science and chemistry
  • Theories of life science
  • Science-related careers
  • Charles Darwin and his theories

The timeline feature is located directly below the videos to provide you with a simple and effective way to move around and explore the material at your own convenience. If you have to get up and leave your home, this chapter is also optimized for mobile devices, allowing you to take your study resources with you.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Middle School Math/Science exam is administered to teachers who need a certification in Massachusetts for elementary school math and science classes. Questions in the History, Philosophy, and Methodology of Science subarea of the test, which makes up about eight percent of your weighted score, will contain content on the foundations of science in multiple-choice format. The computer-based exam consists of 100 questions and two open-response assignments.

11 Lessons in Chapter 40: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Applying Ethics to Scientific Investigations

1. Applying Ethics to Scientific Investigations

In this lesson we will learn about ethics in science. We will look at why ethics is important and consider a few examples of how scientists need to act ethically in their experiments.

The History of Science: Events, Contributions & Theories

2. The History of Science: Events, Contributions & Theories

In this lesson, we discuss a few significant events in science's history. We will see how science has changed over the years as we start to question what we think we know.

The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

3. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.

Effects of the Scientific Revolution

4. Effects of the Scientific Revolution

In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.

How Scientific Discoveries Can Cause People to Change Their Beliefs

5. How Scientific Discoveries Can Cause People to Change Their Beliefs

Personal beliefs are one thing that people hold to very tightly. However, over time, with enough scientific evidence, a critical eye and consistent experiments, science can and does change people's beliefs in ways that simple observations cannot.

How Science Has Changed Society

6. How Science Has Changed Society

Without science, our modern world just wouldn't be the same. The way we travel, shop, learn, socialize, eat, work, and play is possible because of scientific influences and innovations. Take a look around, and you'll see science pretty much everywhere!

What is Earth Science?

7. What is Earth Science?

Earth science is a field that includes geology, astronomy, meteorology, and oceanography. Scientists do research in these fields to discover past and future events. Learn about the dynamic field of earth science and how it affects our lives in this lesson.

What is Chemistry? - Definition, History & Branches

8. What is Chemistry? - Definition, History & Branches

Known as the central science, chemistry is integral to our understanding of the natural world around us. In this lesson, you'll be introduced to the field of chemistry, learning about its history and its modern applications.

Life Science Theories

9. Life Science Theories

In the life sciences there are many theories that explain how life works. However, before these theories became widely accepted, they had to be put to the test. In this lesson, you will learn how ideas become theories.

Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees

10. Careers in the Sciences: Typical Courses & Degrees

Natural sciences use the scientific method to investigate concepts and ideas. This lesson will review the many types of career options and coursework a student of science can expect.

Who Was Charles Darwin? - Theory of Evolution & Natural Selection

11. Who Was Charles Darwin? - Theory of Evolution & Natural Selection

When you hear the name Charles Darwin, you probably think of evolution. However, Darwin did not come up with evolution. He explained a way for evolution to occur called natural selection. Learn more about Darwin and natural selection in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School)(51): Practice & Study Guide course

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