Ch 71: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity

About This Chapter

Use this chapter to brush up on your knowledge of genetics and how genes are passed from one generation to the next. Take the self-assessment quizzes to prepare for the MTEL Middle School Mathematics/Science exam.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter will provide a detailed review of the laws that govern the way genes are inherited through generations. After viewing the video lessons in this chapter, you will have a better understanding of:

  • How genetics works
  • The difference between genotypes and phenotypes
  • Mendel's Law of Segregation and its applications
  • Punnett squares and their usefulness in genetics
  • Codominance and incomplete dominance
  • Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment and its applications
  • Sex-linked genetic traits
  • Recombinant chromosomes

The video lessons in this chapter have been created by professional educators to help you prepare for relevant questions you may find on the MTEL Middle School Mathematics/Science exam. Use the video timeline if you need to return to a certain portion of the video.

MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Middle School Mathematics/Science exam is a certification exam designed to assess whether an educator meets the professional standards required by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to teach middle school math and science. The exam is comprised of 10 content subareas (5 related to math and 5 to science). Reviewing the lessons in this chapter will prepare you for the biology subarea of the exam, which accounts for 8% of the total score.

The MTEL Middle School Mathematics/Science exam is taken on a computer and includes 100 multiple-choice questions and 2 open-ended responses. The 2 open-ended responses could be about any of the 10 content subareas and account for 20% of the final score.

9 Lessons in Chapter 71: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes

1. Genetics: Heredity, Traits & Chromosomes

We view manipulation of genes in our crops and livestock as a recent development. Yet, man has been manipulating the genetic makeup of his food for thousands of years through cultivation and breeding. This lesson will begin to help you understand how genetics works.

Properties of Alleles

2. Properties of Alleles

What is a dominant phenotype and how will it affect Adrian's flying hamster research? Tune in as he studies homozygous and heterozygous genotypes and the phenotypes they produce.

Mendel's First Law: The Law of Segregation

3. Mendel's First Law: The Law of Segregation

Breaking up is a hard thing to do, but homologous chromosomes always go their separate way. What effect does chromosome segregation have on genetics? We look once more to Adrian's flying hamsters for answers.

Application of Mendel's First Law

4. Application of Mendel's First Law

Hollywood Squares? No, it's Punnett Squares! Those wacky diagrams are a geneticist's best friend. See how they turn geneticists into soothsayers, predicting the genotypic and phenotypic future.

Mendel's Second Law: The Law of Independent Assortment

5. Mendel's Second Law: The Law of Independent Assortment

Understanding how Mendel's law of independent assortment describes inheritance of genes is as easy as flipping a coin. Grab a few coins, cue up the video and see how.

Mendel's Dihybrid Cross Example: Practice & Ratio

6. Mendel's Dihybrid Cross Example: Practice & Ratio

Oh no! Twice the genes and sixteen genotypes - a dihybrid cross seems overwhelming to understand. Never fear though, Punnett squares will save the day!

Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance

7. Exceptions to Simple Dominance: Codominance and Incomplete Dominance

Have you ever wondered what it means if someone is a universal donor or acceptor of blood? See how genetic interactions play a key role in this trait.

Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex-Linked and Sex-Limited Traits

8. Exceptions to Independent Assortment: Sex-Linked and Sex-Limited Traits

More men are color blind compared women. But often, not every brother, cousin or uncle in a family tree is color blind. Why not? How can genetics explain this seemingly complex inheritance pattern?

Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results

9. Crossing Over & Gene Linkage: Definition, Importance & Results

During this latest development of his flying hamster experiments, Adrian must learn about linked genes and recombinant chromosomes to unlock the mystery of the fire-breathing hamster. In this lesson, you'll look at another exception to Mendel's law of independent assortment.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School)(51): Practice & Study Guide course

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