# Ch 14: MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Roots & Powers

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Roots & Powers - Chapter Summary

Our expert instructors in these lesson videos will help you review how to solve problems with exponents and radicals by explaining the rules to keep in mind when working with radical and exponential expressions. They will also explain the steps used to find the solutions to problems with radical and exponential expressions. After you complete this chapter you should be ready for questions on the MTEL Middle School Math/Science exam about:

- The quotient rule and simplifying square roots
- Seven properties and rules of using exponents
- Using the product of powers rule when multiplying exponential expressions
- Using the quotient of powers rule when dividing exponential expressions
- Solving problems with an exponent of zero and/or a negative exponent
- Estimating square roots
- Simplifying expressions with square roots and square roots of powers
- Rationalizing denominators in radical expressions

After you watch these lesson videos be sure to read the lesson transcripts and reinforce your comprehension of the material presented in them. If you find any topics you don't understand, be sure to send any questions you may have to our instructors so that they can clarify any confusion you may have. Then take the lesson quizzes to test your understanding of the lessons and find areas you should review further.

### 1. Radicands and Radical Expressions

It's easy to see that funky radical symbol and panic just a little bit. There are so many rules that go along with it, it's hard to keep up with them all. This lesson will help by describing what you should do when you are faced with a square root.

### 2. Simplify Square Roots of Quotients

The quotient rule can be used to simplify square roots of quotients. This lesson will define the quotient rule and show you how it is used to simplify square roots.

### 3. What Are Exponents? - Definition, Properties & Rules

Exponents are the mathematical shorthand that tells us to multiply the same number by itself for a specified number of times. This lesson will not only explain how the exponent works but also discuss the seven distinct properties, or rules, that govern its use.

### 4. How to Use Exponential Notation

Exponential notation is a mathematical method for writing longer multiplication problems in a simplified manner. This lesson will define how to work with exponential notation and give some examples of how it is used.

### 5. Product Of Powers: Definition, Rule & Property

The product of powers rule states that when multiplying two powers with the same base, just add the exponents. Confused yet? This lesson will clear everything up, give some examples and provide a quiz for you to test your knowledge.

### 6. Quotient Of Powers: Property & Examples

The quotient of powers rule states that when dividing two powers with the same base, just subtract the exponents. Don't worry if that doesn't make sense off the bat; this lesson will clear everything up, give some examples, and provide a quiz for you to test your knowledge.

### 7. Zero Exponent: Rule, Definition & Examples

The zero exponent rule states that any term with an exponent of zero is equal to one. This lesson will go into the rule in more detail, explaining how it works and giving some examples. There will also be a quiz to test your knowledge.

### 8. Negative Exponent: Definition & Rules

Negative exponents have caused problems for math students as long as they have been defined. This lesson will shed some light on the negative exponent: what it means and how to work with it in a math problem.

### 9. Working With Fractional Powers

If you know what to do with 3 to the second power, then you understand exponents. But what if the exponent is a fraction? Find out what to do with fractional powers in this lesson.

### 10. Estimating Square Roots

Inverse operations are mathematical operations that undo each other. The square root is the inverse of the squared (or multiplying a number by itself) operation. There is an easy method for estimating the square root of a number, which you will learn in this lesson.

### 11. Simplifying Expressions Containing Square Roots

In order to write radical expressions correctly, they have to be written in their simplest form. This lesson will show you how to simplify expressions containing numbers and variables inside a square root.

### 12. Simplifying Square Roots of Powers in Radical Expressions

Simplifying radical expressions that contain powers can be tricky. There are a few simple rules that will help you perform these simplifications with ease. This lesson will teach you how.

### 13. Rationalizing Denominators in Radical Expressions

Radical expressions containing denominators are not simplified completely unless the denominator is free of radical symbols. This lesson will teach you how to remove a radical from the denominator of a fraction through a process called rationalizing the denominator.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School)(51): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Numerical & Algebraic Properties
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Properties of Equality & Inequality
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Mathematical Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Decimals & Decimal Operations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Percents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Estimation in Math
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebra Basics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Sequences & Series
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Geometric Properties & Theorems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Algebraic Applications in Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Using Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Types of Data
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Conditional & Independent Probability
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Probability & Statistics Calculations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Basics of Logic
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Foundations of Science
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Scientific Research
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Scientific Method
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Data Collection
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Analyzing Scientific Data
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Laboratory Procedures & Safety
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Experimental Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Matter
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Measurement & Problem Solving
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Atomic Structure
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: The Periodic Table
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Bonding
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Phase Changes for Liquids & Solids
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solutions in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Acids, Bases & Reactions
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Equilibrium
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Chemical Kinetics
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Thermodynamics in Chemistry
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's First Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Second Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Newton's Third Law of Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Force & Motion
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Wave Behavior
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Waves, Sound & Light
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Energy
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Electricity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Magnetism & Electromagnetism
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cells & Living Things
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Cell Division
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetics & Heredity
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: DNA
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Genetic Mutations
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Origin & History of the Earth
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Evolving Ecosystems
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Forces that Change the Earth's Surface
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Hydrosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Structure of the Earth's Atmosphere
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Earth's Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Solar System
- MTEL Middle School Math/Science: Characteristics of the Universe
- MTEL Mathematics/Science (Middle School) Flashcards