# Ch 16: MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Algebra Basics

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Algebra Basics - Chapter Summary

This chapter will help you review all the elements of basic algebraic expressions, which you'll need to know in order to effectively study for the MTEL Middle School Mathematics exam. By the end of this chapter, you will have explored:

- Algebra vocabulary
- Variables in algebra
- The purpose of distribution
- Comparison of adding or distributing first
- Positive and negative sign distribution
- Simplifying expressions with negative signs
- Distribution involving variables

The lessons in this chapter have been specially formulated to review material you are likely to come across on the MTEL Middle School Mathematics exam. Watch the short videos in each lesson for visual learning, and refer to the transcript included as a resource for taking notes. Take the self-assessment quiz at the end of each lesson to test your knowledge and practice for the exam.

### 1. Algebra Vocabulary Terms

Watch this video lesson to learn about some basic vocabulary words that you will come across again and again in the course of your studies in algebra. After you finish this video, you should know and be able to identify each term.

### 2. What is a Variable in Algebra?

Did you ever encounter something like a + b = c and wonder how all these letters snuck into a math problem? In this lesson, we'll learn about variables, as well as other parts of equations, constants and coefficients.

### 3. Why Do We Distribute in Algebra? - Explanation & Examples

What's the purpose of distribution in algebra? In this lesson, we'll find out why we distribute. We'll also look at examples and sample problems that involve basic distribution.

### 4. Distributing First vs. Adding First: Differences & Examples

When we need to simplify an expression, how do we know if we should distribute first or add first? In this lesson, we'll look at when this matters and how to make the best decision.

### 5. Distributing Positive and Negative Signs

It's not just numbers and variables that get distributed. Positive and negative signs can, too. In this lesson, we'll learn how to distribute positive and negative signs correctly.

### 6. Negative Signs and Simplifying Algebraic Expressions

Don't let negative signs get you down. In this lesson, we'll stay positive as we practice simplifying algebraic expressions that have those tricky negative signs.

### 7. Distributing Algebraic Expressions with Numbers and Variables

So, you can simplify an algebraic expression when you need to distribute a number? Great! But what if you need to distribute a variable or a variable with an exponent? Learn how in this lesson.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics (Middle School)(47): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Math Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Concept of Equality
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Decimals
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Percent
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Estimating
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Roots & Powers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Patterns
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Properties & Theorems of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Pre-Calculus Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Data
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Science
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Calculating Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Logic
- MTEL Mathematics (Middle School) Flashcards