# Ch 40: MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Logic

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Logic - Chapter Summary

This chapter goes over the various roles of logic in mathematics, with lessons touching on all the related content you'll want to be familiar with going into the exam. By the end of this chapter, you can expect to have bolstered your knowledge of:

- Logical fallacies
- Propositions, truth values and truth tables
- Conditional statements in math
- Logical equivalence
- Reasoning in mathematics
- Mathematical principles for problem-solving
- Solving problems using estimation and mathematical models
- Critical thinking and logic in mathematics

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### 1. Logical Fallacies: Hasty Generalization, Circular Reasoning, False Cause & Limited Choice

Watch this video lesson to see how you can identify cases where logic is not sound. Learn the characteristic traits of hasty generalization, circular reasoning, false cause, and limited choice.

### 2. Logical Fallacies: Appeals to Ignorance, Emotion or Popularity

Watch this video lesson to see examples of the logical fallacies of appeals to ignorance, emotion, and popularity. You will also see how to identify them.

### 3. Propositions, Truth Values and Truth Tables

Watch this video lesson and learn what truth values are and what a truth table looks like. Learn how to go from a proposition to its negation and how that affects the truth values and the truth tables.

### 4. Conditional Statements in Math

Sometimes, what is true in the mathematical world of logic is false in the real world. Check out this lesson to learn how to identify conditional statements and how you can differentiate between what is logically true and what is true in reality.

### 5. Logic Laws: Converse, Inverse, Contrapositive & Counterexample

Logical statements can be useful, but only if we are able to determine their validity. In this lesson, we'll look at the various forms of a logical statement and see how they relate to each other.

### 6. Reasoning in Mathematics: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Many people think that deductive and inductive reasoning are the same thing. It is assumed these words are synonymous. They are not. This lesson reveals the reality of these two types of reasoning.

### 7. Mathematical Principles for Problem Solving

Solving problems is not just a simple, straightforward process. There are a few principles that can help you as you approach any problem solving scenarios. This lesson covers those principles with examples.

### 8. The Three-Way Principle of Mathematics

What methods are there to solve and understand mathematical problems? This lesson will review three methods to understand mathematical problems (verbal, graphical, and by example). Each will be illustrated with examples.

### 9. Solving Mathematical Problems Using Estimation

Estimating is a method of calculating a result that is close to, but not exactly, the correct answer to a math problem. Why would you ever need to do this? This lesson reviews estimating and answers the question as to why you would do it.

### 10. Using Mathematical Models to Solve Problems

Mathematical modeling simply refers to the creation of mathematical formulas to represent a real world problem in mathematical terms. This lesson reviews the creation and pitfalls of mathematical models.

### 11. Critical Thinking and Logic in Mathematics

Logic has its own unique language and way of defining what is true and false. Watch this video lesson to learn how you can critically think in the language of logic while working with math.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics (Middle School)(47): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Math Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Concept of Equality
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Decimals
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Percent
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Estimating
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Roots & Powers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Algebra Basics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Patterns
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Properties & Theorems of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Pre-Calculus Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Data
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Science
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Calculating Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Mathematics (Middle School) Flashcards