# Ch 37: MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Statistics

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Statistics - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our mathematics expert instructors will show you the probability and statistics concepts you'll need to know for the MTEL Middle School Mathematics exam, including how to read and interpret line graphs and the differences between mutually exclusive and non-mutually exclusive events. This chapter includes lessons on:

- Descriptive and inferential statistics
- Histograms
- Line graphs
- Nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio measurements
- The multiplication rule of probability
- Mathematical sets
- Events as subsets as a sample space

By understanding how to derive information from statistics and how to extrapolate patterns that follow basic rules of probability you'll have an easier time with related questions on the MTEL Middle School Mathematics test. Our video lessons come equipped with tags for easy navigation and text transcripts so you'll never have to worry about missing any information. By the end of this chapter, you'll be prepared for any probability or statistics questions you may find on the test.

### 1. Descriptive & Inferential Statistics: Definition, Differences & Examples

Descriptive and inferential statistics each give different insights into the nature of the data gathered. One alone cannot give the whole picture. Together, they provide a powerful tool for both description and prediction.

### 2. What is a Histogram in Math? - Definition & Examples

Watch this video lesson to see how useful a histogram can be when you need to show a bunch of data in an easy to read format. Also, learn how you can easily gather the information you need from looking at a histogram.

### 3. Reading and Interpreting Line Graphs

Watch this video lesson to find out how useful line graphs can be and how much information you can gain just from looking at one. Learn how you can apply that information in your own life to help you make better decisions.

### 4. Nominal, Ordinal, Interval & Ratio Measurements: Definition & Examples

Different types of data can be grouped and measured in different ways. In this lesson, you will learn about nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio measurements.

### 5. The Addition Rule of Probability: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn the differences between mutually exclusive and non-mutually exclusive events and how to find the probabilities of each using the Addition Rule of Probability.

### 6. The Multiplication Rule of Probability: Definition & Examples

The Multiplication Rule of Probability is a concept you will use frequently when solving probability equations. In this lesson, learn the two different scenarios in which you will use the multiplication rule of probability.

### 7. Mathematical Sets: Elements, Intersections & Unions

Today we're going to explore mathematical sets, which are surprisingly simple! Sets are just collections of any objects or concepts, also known as elements, that can be related to each other through union or intersection.

### 8. Events as Subsets of a Sample Space: Definition & Example

Probability can get very confusing at times. You will find that some words, such as events and subsets, are often referring to the same concept depending on the experiment. Use this lesson to understand the concept of events as subsets.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics (Middle School)(47): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Structure
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Absolute Value
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Math Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Concept of Equality
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Introduction to Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Operations with Fractions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Decimals
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Percent
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Ratios, Proportions & Rate of Change
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Estimating
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Real Numbers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Exponents
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Number Properties
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Roots & Powers
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Algebra Basics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Linear Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Polynomials
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Quadratic Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Vectors in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Matrices in Linear Algebra
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Patterns
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Measurement
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: History of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Properties & Theorems of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Principles of Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Pre-Calculus Geometry
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Area, Perimeter & Volume
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Graphs
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Trigonometric Applications
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Data
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Probability & Science
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Calculating Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Middle School Mathematics: Logic
- MTEL Mathematics (Middle School) Flashcards