About This Chapter
MTEL Physics: Force & the Laws of Motion - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you will explore Sir Isaac Newton's research and discover how it led to his development of the laws that explain movement. Review his experiments and learn more about force and gravity. As you prepare for the MTEL Physics test, go through the information from the video lessons in this chapter to make sure you know more about the following major topics:
- Newton's First, Second, and Third Laws of Motion
- Calculating differences in mass and weight
- Force, velocity, and acceleration
- Types of friction
- Free-body diagrams, inclined planes, net force, air resistance and free fall
- Reaction force pairs and the normal force
- Action and reaction
Our chapters are divided into short video lessons that contain the information you need to understand each topic. Not only do the videos discuss the major concepts, but the transcripts also contain figures, tables, and equations to fully explain these advanced scientific theories. If at any time you need further assistance, you can submit your questions to our team of instructors. Give yourself some extra practice for the MTEL Physics test by taking the lesson quizzes and the chapter exam.
MTEL Physics: Force & the Laws of Motion Chapter Objectives
The objective of this test is to verify that Massachusetts teachers possess a broad understanding of the field of science as well as a deeper knowledge of physics. There are seven subareas within this test. Force and Motion is one of those subareas, and the answers make up 14% of the total test score. In order to ensure a better score on the test, make sure you know every pertinent detail about force and motion by taking the time to watch our video lessons and read through our lesson transcripts.
1. Newton's First Law of Motion: Examples of the Effect of Force on Motion
This lesson describes Newton's first law of motion, also known as the law of inertia. The interaction between force and motion is explained. Several examples are used to discuss the implications of this law on earth and in space.
2. Distinguishing Between Inertia and Mass
Mass and inertia are both related to the amount of matter an object has, but they aren't exactly the same thing. In this video lesson, you'll see how mass affects an object's inertia, which in turn affects that object's motion.
3. Mass and Weight: Differences and Calculations
We often talk about mass and weight as if they are the same. While they are proportional to each other, they are not in fact the same. In this video lesson you will learn to distinguish between the two, as well as convert one to the other.
4. State of Motion and Velocity
An object's state of motion describes how it is moving. But there are many ways we can describe motion, such as speed and velocity. This motion is relative to other objects around it, such as the earth, the sun, and even other stars in our galaxy.
5. Force: Definition and Types
Force is everywhere and it comes in a variety of sizes, directions, and types. In this video lesson, you'll identify force as well the different types of force that objects may experience.
6. Forces: Balanced and Unbalanced
Forces are needed to start or stop an object's motion, but can also be involved when an object is at rest or already traveling at constant velocity. In this video lesson, you'll identify the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces, understanding how they affect the movement of objects.
7. Free-Body Diagrams
Forces that act on an object can be drawn through special vector diagrams called free-body diagrams. In this video lesson you'll identify how to correctly represent forces in a free-body diagram through vector arrows and force labels.
8. Net Force: Definition and Calculations
Because forces are vectors, we can't simply add them up to get a total amount of force on an object. Instead, we calculate the net force, which is important to understand because it tells us about an object's state of motion.
9. Newton's Second Law of Motion: The Relationship Between Force and Acceleration
This lesson defines Newton's second law of motion. Examples are used to illustrate how unbalanced forces cause objects to accelerate. The examples are used to practice calculating acceleration and force for objects in motion.
10. Determining the Acceleration of an Object
Acceleration is a change in an object's state of motion. A few variables need to be identified to calculate an object's acceleration, but once we have those values, we can put them into a simple equation to find out how quickly or slowly an object's velocity is changing.
11. Determining the Individual Forces Acting Upon an Object
Objects constantly have forces acting on them whether they are moving or at rest. In this video lesson, you'll understand how to identify the individual forces acting on an object by reviewing the different types of forces and the use of free-body diagrams.
12. Air Resistance and Free Fall
Through experiments by Galileo and Newton, we can understand why all objects in free-fall experience the same acceleration, ''g''. We can also see why air resistance affects a falling object's velocity and how this can lead to a falling object reaching a terminal velocity.
13. Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces
This lesson describes Newton's third law of motion. Examples are provided to illustrate how interacting objects experience forces. The lesson explains how objects accelerate as a result of force. Applications of Newton's third law are illustrated in nature, machines, and space.
14. Identifying Action and Reaction Force Pairs
Good things often come in pairs, and forces are no exception. In this lesson you'll explore Newton's second and third laws of motion to understand how action and reaction pairs affect objects interacting with each other.
15. The Normal Force: Definition and Examples
The normal force is also called the contact force because it only exists when objects are touching. In this lesson, we will investigate what the normal force is and how to calculate it on flat and inclined surfaces.
16. Friction: Definition and Types
You experience friction all the time, and you should be glad you do! Friction helps keep stationary objects in place as well as slow moving objects down as they slide across a surface. This lesson identifies what friction is and explains the two ways we find this force on earth.
17. Inclined Planes in Physics: Definition, Facts, and Examples
If an object is not horizontal to the ground, it may be on an inclined plane. We need to adjust both the calculations and the free-body diagram when determining the net force on an object on an inclined plane. Learn how in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Physics: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Physics: Scientific Research Overview
- MTEL Physics: Interpreting & Analyzing Scientific Data
- MTEL Physics: Physics Lab Safety
- MTEL Physics: Historical & Contemporary Relationships in Science
- MTEL Physics: Rotational Motion, Collisions & Conservation
- MTEL Physics: Laws of Gravitation
- MTEL Physics: Fluid Mechanics
- MTEL Physics: Work & Energy
- MTEL Physics: Linear & Angular Momentum
- MTEL Physics: Principles of Thermodynamics
- MTEL Physics: Electrostatics
- MTEL Physics: Circuits
- MTEL Physics: Electromagnetism
- MTEL Physics: Oscillations & Wave Motion
- MTEL Physics: Sound Waves & Principles of Acoustics
- MTEL Physics: Electromagnetic Waves
- MTEL Physics: Light, Mirrors & Lenses
- MTEL Physics: Atomic Nature of Matter & Relativity
- MTEL Physics: Quantum Theory
- MTEL Physics: Radioactive Decay & Nuclear Reactions