About This Chapter
MTEL Reading Specialist: Assessment Results - Chapter Summary
This chapter focuses on the ins and outs of assessments, their results, and the factors influencing those results, furnishing you with a wider perspective on the subject while preparing you for the related material on the exam. By the end of this chapter, you'll have bolstered your readiness for questions concerning all of the following:
- Validity in assessments
- The reliability coefficient and the reliability of assessments
- Summarizing assessment results
- Using standard deviation and bell curves for assessment
- Norm-vs-criterion-referenced scoring
- Using mean, median, and mode for assessment
- The advantages and disadvantages of standardized tests
- High-stakes testing
- Testing bias, cultural bias and language assessments
- Factors influencing assessment performance
You'll be able to check your understanding of each of these lesson topics with a practice quiz that you can take and re-take at your discretion. If you'd prefer to study with them offline, you'll also have the option of printing these quizzes as worksheets.
1. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
2. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
3. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
4. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
5. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment
When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.
6. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
7. Using Mean, Median, and Mode for Assessment
How does a teacher decide what is a good exam score and what is a bad one? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, but instead of different types of assessment (such as essay versus true/false questions), we'll discuss statistical methods for summarizing scores on any form of testing. Specifically, this lesson covers the statistical tools known as the mean, median and mode.
8. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
9. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
10. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
11. Factors Influencing Performance: Examples
In this lesson, we will explore controllable and uncontrollable factors that will influence and/or inhibit a person's performance on tests, such as specific behaviors that could cause problems. We'll also discuss ways to mitigate these factors.
12. Environmental Factors Impacting Student Test Performance
Students are faced with taking assessments throughout their academic career. What types of things impact performance? This lesson gives an overview of various environmental factors and tips on how to make the environment conducive to success.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Reading Specialist (08): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Cognitive Foundations in Literacy
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Phonological Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Phonemic Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Language Acquisition
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Alphabetic Principle
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Print Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Fluency
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Word Analysis
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Vocabulary Development
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Analyzing Ideas
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literary Genres
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Fiction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Nonfiction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Drama
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Poetry
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literature for Children & Young Adults
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literary Devices
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Expository Texts
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Emergent Literacy
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Teaching Reading Comprehension
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literacy-Rich Environment
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Assessment Strategies
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Disabilities
- MTEL Reading Specialist: English Language Learners
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Research-Based Instruction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Resources & Materials
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Attention & Memory
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Information Processing
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Research in Education
- MTEL Reading Specialist: The Reading Professional
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Programs & Approaches
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Partnerships & Collaborations
- MTEL Reading Specialist Flashcards