About This Chapter
MTEL Reading Specialist: Information Processing - Chapter Summary
Refresh your memory of information processing topics like cognitive thinking and creativity and other similar subjects by setting your eyes on the 5-10 minute video lessons in this chapter. You can measure your memory of them by answering the multiple-choice quizzes at the end of the lessons. These will help you get ready for answering questions that contain similar content found on the MTEL Reading Specialist exam. This chapter entails the topics mentioned above, as well as these:
- Cognitive perspective involved in learning
- Different kinds of schemata and information transfer
- Distinction between top-down and bottom-down processing
- Routine, non-routine, and other types of problems along with strategies for solving them
Take a look at the lesson transcripts for vocabulary words and themes. Use the links located below the video lessons to travel to different parts of them. If you need additional practice after taking the quizzes, take the final and chapter exams.
1. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing
When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.
2. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval
How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.
3. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts
How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.
4. Types of Information Transfer
When you acquire one skill, does that ability help or hurt your ability to learn other skills? For example, learning to play the guitar might help you learn to play the banjo, but it probably doesn't affect your ability to learn the geography of Africa. This lesson focuses on transfer of information, including positive, negative and zero transfer, as well as the difference between high-road and low-road transfer of information.
5. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
6. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking
Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.
7. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Reading Specialist (08): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Cognitive Foundations in Literacy
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Phonological Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Phonemic Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Language Acquisition
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Alphabetic Principle
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Print Awareness
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Fluency
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Word Analysis
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Vocabulary Development
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Analyzing Ideas
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literary Genres
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Fiction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Nonfiction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Drama
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Poetry
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literature for Children & Young Adults
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literary Devices
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Expository Texts
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Emergent Literacy
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Teaching Reading Comprehension
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Literacy-Rich Environment
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Assessment Strategies
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Assessment Results
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Disabilities
- MTEL Reading Specialist: English Language Learners
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Research-Based Instruction
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Reading Resources & Materials
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Attention & Memory
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Research in Education
- MTEL Reading Specialist: The Reading Professional
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Programs & Approaches
- MTEL Reading Specialist: Partnerships & Collaborations
- MTEL Reading Specialist Flashcards