About This Chapter
MTEL Speech: Principles of Argument & Debate - Chapter Summary
These lessons address the main principles of argumentation and debate to help you get ready for the MTEL Speech exam. In addition to explaining how to write a persuasive argument, this chapter will detail the following:
- Justified claims vs. subjective opinions
- Refuting an argument
- The structure of an argument
- Various formats for debates
- Inductive vs. deductive reasoning
- Common kinds of fallacies
- Differences between causal and analogical reasoning
- Cross examination techniques
These lessons are presented to you as brief videos, but are accompanied by full transcripts that highlight key terminology to help you in your studies. After each lesson you may test your knowledge by taking the short practice quizzes.
MTEL Speech: Principles of Argument & Debate Chapter Objectives
Before you obtain your license to teach speech courses in Massachusetts, you must pass the MTEL Speech exam. This test features 100 multiple-choice questions and 2 open-response items meant to assess your knowledge of various aspects of speech. Forty percent of the exam focuses on public speaking, including the principles of argumentation and debate.
By reviewing the content of this chapter, you will have the opportunity to develop your knowledge of the basics of argumentation and debate, thereby preparing you for any pertinent questions on the exam. Also, as the practice quizzes are in the same multiple-choice format as the exam itself, they will provide excellent practice for answering the exam questions.
1. Philosophical Fallacies & Argumentation
In this lesson, learn how fallacies are sometimes used when arguing one's case and why they are problematic. Consider examples of fallacies in everyday life and relate them to fallacies in philosophy.
2. The Role of Argument in Critical Thinking
In this lesson, you'll consider what makes a good argument that involves critical thinking. You'll also learn the shortcomings of using opinions to try to prove a claim is valid.
3. How to Write a Great Argument
Many times our writing must not just be informative but it must also be persuasive. One of the best ways to be very persuasive is to use a great argument. Learn six steps you can follow to write a great argument.
4. Refutation of an Argument: Definition & Examples
In academic writing, the ability to refute an argument is a cornerstone of logical and critical thought, as well as an essential persuasive tool. Learn more through a comprehensive definition and examples, then put your new expertise to the test with a quiz.
5. Argument Structure: From Premise to Conclusion
In this lesson, consider examples of an argument, as the term is understood in philosophy. You'll learn how to create appropriate premises and how this influences how likely it is for a listener to accept your conclusion.
6. Understanding Different Debate Formats
The rules and structures for debate forums can be confusing. This lesson will explain the rules, structures, and challenges associated with two major debate formats to 'keep you in the know.' Read on for details.
7. The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused. This lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight.
8. Understanding Fallacy: Common Fallacies
There are hundreds of logical fallacies. Some are mathematical and complex, and some are deep and philosophical. In this lesson, you will learn about some of the most common types of fallacies you will come across in public speaking.
9. Causal and Analogical Reasoning: Impact on Public Speaking
Causal and analogical reasoning are often confused and sometimes difficult to understand. In this lesson, you will learn the differences between the two types of reasoning and the way each of them is used in public speaking.
10. Cross Examination: Definition, Techniques & Examples
Lawyers have the ability to ask witnesses questions in the courtroom, which is cross examination. This lesson defines cross examination, discusses cross examining techniques and provides examples.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Speech (44): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Speech: Theories of Rhetoric
- MTEL Speech: Principles of Rhetoric
- MTEL Speech: Understanding Persuasive Communication
- MTEL Speech: Public Argument in Democratic Societies
- MTEL Speech: Public Discourse & Debate in the U.S.
- MTEL Speech: Notable Debates & Speeches in U.S. History
- MTEL Speech: Legalities & Free Speech
- MTEL Speech: Ethical & Legal Communications
- MTEL Speech: Public Speaking
- MTEL Speech: Organizing Your Speech
- MTEL Speech: Delivering Effective Speeches
- MTEL Speech: Using Communication Aids for Speeches
- MTEL Speech Flashcards