About This Chapter
MTLE Chemistry: Inorganic & Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary
Watch these quick and informative videos for a detailed overview of inorganic and organic compounds. This chapter will prepare you for related questions on the MTLE Chemistry exam, such as the international union of pure and applied chemistry. After completing the lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Understand intramolecular bonding and the identification of macromolecules
- Examine organic molecules and the functional groups in organic molecules
- Explore structural, geometric and optical isomers
- Discuss using chemical reactions to identify substances
- Differentiate between chiral and achiral
- Define racemic mixture
You will have the chance to test yourself on inorganic and organic compounds by working through the short quiz after each lesson. In addition to those quizzes, there is also a chapter test that assesses you on all of the information from each lesson. You can take these quizzes and the chapter test as many times as you want.
1. Overview of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry is an important organization within the chemistry world. In this lesson we will go over what this organization does and why it is important.
2. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
3. Using Chemical Reactions to Identify Substances
While many household substances look similar, a quick chemical reaction can show just how different they are. In this lesson, we learn how to identify some common household substances using reactions.
4. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
5. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
6. Structural Isomers: Definition & Examples
Molecular formulas don't always tell us how the atoms are arranged within a molecule. When one formula can lead us to different arrangements of atoms, the results are referred to as structural isomers, examples of which we'll explore in this lesson.
7. Geometric Isomers: Definition & Examples
This lesson provides a definition of geometric isomers, explains how they arise, and how to identify them. In addition to basic examples from chemistry, the lesson shares more complex examples from biochemistry to show how prevalent and vital geometric isomers are.
8. Optical Isomers: Definition & Examples
Isomers are molecules that are the same...yet different. The difference might be in the structure, or it might be in the three-dimensional arrangement. In this lesson, you'll learn about one specific type of isomer that falls into the latter category, the optical isomer.
9. Chiral vs. Achiral: Definition & Examples
Identifying chiral and achiral objects, including molecules, requires looking at many pictures, which is what you'll do in this lesson. You'll also learn the definitions of these terms and use the definitions to distinguish between chiral and achiral molecules.
10. Racemic Mixture: Definition & Example
In this lesson, you'll first review some important ideas about stereochemistry, learn the definition of a racemic mixture, and explore the biological significance of racemic mixtures. From there, you'll be able to test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the MTLE Chemistry: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Chemistry: Nature of Science
- MTLE Chemistry: Scientific Literacy & Instruction
- MTLE Chemistry: Using Math & Computers
- MTLE Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- MTLE Chemistry: Properties of Matter
- MTLE Chemistry: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- MTLE Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- MTLE Chemistry: Gases
- MTLE Chemistry: Liquids & Solids
- MTLE Chemistry: Solutions in Chemistry
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Bonding
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Equilibrium
- MTLE Chemistry: Acids & Bases
- MTLE Chemistry: Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
- MTLE Chemistry Flashcards