About This Chapter
MTLE Chemistry: Properties of Matter - Chapter Summary
Gather information on the properties of matter before you take the MTLE Chemistry exam. This chapter dives into matter and the chemical processes and properties involved in it, letting you go at your own pace through a wide variety of key topics, including:
- Elements and the ways in which compounds and molecules are built from them
- Chromatography, distillation and filtration as methods of separating a mixture
- Recognizing chemicals in solutions
- The physical and chemical properties of matter
- Properties of matter that are extensive or intensive
- Chemical and physical changes to matter
- Radioactive decay and half-life
- Mass-energy conversion
Since we all process information differently, each lesson will give you the option of reviewing the content through a video or transcript of the material. Navigating through the lessons is a simple task either way, with the timeline feature allowing you to jump around to different key points of the video. Important terms within the transcript are in bold print.
1. What Are Elements?
Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.
2. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements
Did you know that elements are somewhat like people and have different personalities? Some elements like to be left alone. Others prefer to hang out with friends. We will discuss how elements build molecules and compounds and how these can be classified.
3. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
4. How to Identify Chemicals in Solution: Test Methods & Materials
Do you have a mysterious solution sitting around? Learn to identify it using one of the following methods: through precipitation, using conduction, using a flame test, using an acid-base indicator and observing the color of the solution.
5. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
6. Examples of Intensive & Extensive Properties of Matter
This lesson will explore some examples of intensive and extensive properties to help you identify them more easily in the future. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to define intensive and extensive properties and provide examples.
7. States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter
The world around us is constantly changing. Chemists put those changes into two main categories: physical changes and chemical changes. This lesson will define and provide examples of each.
8. Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus
What is meant by the term 'radioactive'? In this lesson we will break down the three main types of nuclear decay particles and discuss their composition, their effect on the nucleus, and their applications.
9. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs
What causes a radioactive particle to decay? We'll never really know, but our best guess lies in probability. In this lesson, we are going to focus on the half-life, a way of measuring the probability that a particle will react.
10. Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy
When you hear the term 'nuclear power,' what comes to mind? Do you know where that energy and power is coming from? In this lesson, we are going to zoom in on the nucleus of a helium atom to explain how something as small as a nucleus can produce an extremely large amount of energy.
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Other chapters within the MTLE Chemistry: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Chemistry: Nature of Science
- MTLE Chemistry: Scientific Literacy & Instruction
- MTLE Chemistry: Using Math & Computers
- MTLE Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- MTLE Chemistry: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- MTLE Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- MTLE Chemistry: Gases
- MTLE Chemistry: Liquids & Solids
- MTLE Chemistry: Solutions in Chemistry
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Bonding
- MTLE Chemistry: Inorganic & Organic Compounds
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
- MTLE Chemistry: Chemical Equilibrium
- MTLE Chemistry: Acids & Bases
- MTLE Chemistry: Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
- MTLE Chemistry Flashcards