About This Chapter
MTLE Early Childhood Education: Cognitive Development - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll explore important developmental theories and strategies for assisting the cognitive development of young children. You'll need in-depth knowledge of these and other related topics if you're to score well on the MTLE Early Childhood Education certification exam. After completing this chapter's video lessons, you will have examined:
- Cognitive development psychology
- Piaget's theory
- Lev Vygotsky's theory
- Assimilation and accomodation, and children's capacity to adapt,
- Vygotsky's scaffolding and zone of proximal development
- Information processing and learning
- Social constructivism
- Playing and other tools that advance development
- Sensitive periods
- Cognitive development in infants, children and adolescents
The lessons in this chapter have been developed by educators in the field to help you easily understand and retain the information. Each lesson includes a short video to illustrate the material. The videos' transcripts are included for text-based learning. There is a self-assessment quiz available to take at the end of each lesson to test your knowledge and allow you opportunities to practice for the actual certification exam.
1. Using Cognitive Development Psychology in the Classroom
Do you ever feel bombarded with the amount of new information in a class? How do you process new information in order to create usable knowledge? These are the types of questions cognitive psychologists and teachers seek to answer. This lesson will explore and apply the major assumptions of cognitive development and psychology.
2. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
3. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
4. Assimilation & Accommodation in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How do assimilation and accommodation help a child adapt to his environment? You'll explore how established and changing patterns of information drive a child's intellectual growth as he learns about cats and dogs.
5. Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding in the Classroom
Psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed a theory of cognitive development which focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions. Several concepts arose from that theory that are important to classroom learning. This lesson will focus on two concepts: zone of proximal development and scaffolding.
6. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing
When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.
7. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development
When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.
8. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience
A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.
9. Tools to Advance Cognitive Development
The word 'tool' has a connotation of something that aids us. Normally, we think of tools being something manipulated with our hands to help us build. In this lesson, we will learn about tools designed to promote cognitive development.
10. The Sensitive Periods of Development: Birth to Age 6
The phrase 'sensitive periods in human development' may sound like it refers to moody teenagers, but it actually refers to periods of time when a child easily absorbs information in a specific way. The most important sensitive periods occur between birth and age six. Learn more in this lesson.
11. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
12. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTLE Early Childhood Education: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Language & Literacy
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Phonics & Fluency
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Print Awareness
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Vocabulary
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Reading Comprehension
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Text Analysis
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Writing Conventions
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Assessments
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Instructional Strategies
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Mathematical Concepts
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Teaching Mathematics
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Social Development
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Physical Development
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Creative Development
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Teaching Science
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Physical Science
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Life Science
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Earth & Space Science
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Social Studies
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Geography
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Civics
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Arts Education
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Health & Physical Education
- MTLE Early Childhood Education: Personal Safety
- MTLE Early Childhood Education Flashcards