About This Chapter
MTLE Middle Level Science: Linear Motion and Forces - Chapter Summary
This chapter takes you through various key concepts and terms related to linear motion and forces, with lessons guiding you towards an improved understanding of the following:
- Defining motion and vector
- Graphing the motion of objects
- Newton's three laws of motion
- Newton's laws in relation to weight, mass and gravity
- Kinetic energy in relation to potential energy
- Energy transfer
- Balanced and unbalanced forces
- Energy conservation
Lessons allow you to choose the way you learn, including both a video and transcript of the content. You can check your progress at the end of each lesson by taking a practice quiz that you can also print as a worksheet to study with offline.
MTLE Middle Level Science: Linear Motion and Forces Chapter Objectives
The MTLE middle level science exam is composed of two subtests, both of which contain around 50 multiple-choice questions that you'll be allowed up to an hour to complete. Both subtests need to be passed in order to obtain your Minnesota teacher's license in the field. This chapter can help you prepare for the physical science subarea of the second subtest, which includes a section of questions focused on linear motion and forces. Overall, this subarea will count for 55% of your score on the second subtest.
1. What is Motion? - Definition & Laws
Motion is the act of moving and plays a huge role in the study of physics. This lesson walks through important terms and the laws of motion that guide the study of motion.
2. Graphing the Motion of Objects: Physics Lab
After watching this lesson, you will be able to measure the motion of an object and plot position-time and velocity-time graphs based on your data. A short quiz will follow.
3. What Is a Vector? - Definition & Types
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what vectors are in physics, give some examples of vectors and have a basic idea of how they can be manipulated mathematically. A short quiz will follow.
4. Newton's First Law of Motion: Examples of the Effect of Force on Motion
This lesson describes Newton's first law of motion, also known as the law of inertia. The interaction between force and motion is explained. Several examples are used to discuss the implications of this law on earth and in space.
5. Newton's Second Law of Motion: The Relationship Between Force and Acceleration
This lesson defines Newton's second law of motion. Examples are used to illustrate how unbalanced forces cause objects to accelerate. The examples are used to practice calculating acceleration and force for objects in motion.
6. Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces
This lesson describes Newton's third law of motion. Examples are provided to illustrate how interacting objects experience forces. The lesson explains how objects accelerate as a result of force. Applications of Newton's third law are illustrated in nature, machines, and space.
7. Newton's Laws and Weight, Mass & Gravity
Did you know that mass and weight are not the same? This lesson describes the difference between the two as well as the effect of gravity on weight. Examples are used to teach you how to calculate weight based on mass and acceleration of gravity.
8. Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types
This video defines and describes kinetic and potential energy. You'll learn how different types of energy can be classified as potential and kinetic. You'll also find out how kinetic and potential energy are transformed.
9. Energy Transfer: Examples & Overview
Learn about energy and how the sun provides the energy needed to sustain life on Earth. Discover energy transfer and how energy is neither created nor destroyed, but moves from one place to another or changes from one form to another.
10. What is Kinematics? - Studying the Motion of Objects
Kinematics is the study of the motion of objects. Kinematics can tell you a lot about motion, but not everything. In this lesson, we will examine the types of questions kinematics can and cannot answer.
11. Forces: Balanced and Unbalanced
Forces are needed to start or stop an object's motion, but can also be involved when an object is at rest or already traveling at constant velocity. In this video lesson, you'll identify the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces, understanding how they affect the movement of objects.
12. Free-Body Diagrams
Forces that act on an object can be drawn through special vector diagrams called free-body diagrams. In this video lesson you'll identify how to correctly represent forces in a free-body diagram through vector arrows and force labels.
13. What is Energy Conservation? - Definition, Process & Examples
This lesson will explain what the conservation of energy principle is and why it matters, using some real-life examples of how it works in our day-to-day lives. A short quiz will follow.
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Other chapters within the MTLE Middle Level Science: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Principles of Scientific Inquiry
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Scientific Methods & Tools
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Connecting Science & Other Subjects
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Applications of Science
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Developing Science Reading Skills
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Reading Comprehension & Analysis
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Components & Evolution of Earth
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Matter & Energy
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Earth's Structure & Weather Cycles
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Earth, The Solar System & The Universe
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Human Interactions with Earth Systems
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Structures & Functions of Living Organisms
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Molecular & Cellular Life Processes
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Basic Genetics
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Evolution of Life
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Interdependence, Energy Flow & Ecosystems
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Classification in Science
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Vibrations & Waves
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Overview of Light
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Electricity & Magnetism
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Properties & Structure of Matter
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Understanding Chemical Reactions, Thermodynamics & Kinetics
- MTLE Middle Level Science Flashcards