About This Chapter
MTLE Middle Level Science: Principles of Scientific Inquiry - Chapter Summary
Brush up on the principles of scientific inquiry before you take the MTLE Middle Level Science exam. This chapter walks you through terms, history and methods that are key to the process of scientific inquiry. By the time you finish going through these lessons, you'll be ready to answer questions pertaining to:
- Scientific investigation and research
- Research design
- Experiments and observational studies
- Evaluating data and interpreting scientific graphs and correlations in research
- Validity and reliability
- Handling biological specimens safely
- Animal experimentation
- Institutional review boards
- The scientific revolution
- Scientific objectivity and the effects of science on society
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MTLE Middle Level Science: Principles of Scientific Inquiry Chapter Objectives
The MTLE Middle Level Science exam includes two subtests, each of which contain around 50 multiple-choice questions. You'll have up to an hour to complete each subtest and will need to pass both in order to achieve your Minnesota teacher's license in the field. This chapter can help you study for the 'Concepts and Applications in Middle Level General Science' subarea of the first subtest, which includes a section of questions concentrated on the principles and processes of scientific inquiry. All together, this subarea will count towards 43% of your score on the first subtest.
1. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples
Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.
2. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
3. Types of Research Design
There are questions to be answered in all areas of psychology. How are these questions answered by professionals in the field? This lesson covers several different options researchers can use to approach such questions.
4. Experiments vs Observational Studies: Definition, Differences & Examples
There are different ways to collect data for research. In this lesson, you will learn about collecting data through observational studies and experiments and the differences between each.
5. Evaluating Data from Scientific Investigation
After watching this video, you will be able to explain the meaning of the terms 'accuracy' and 'reproducibility,' or precision, as they relate to science experiments. A short quiz will follow.
6. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
7. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results
Perhaps the most common statistic you'll see from psychology is a correlation. Do you know how to correctly interpret correlations when you see them? This lesson covers everything you need to know.
8. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
9. Working with Biological Specimens Safely in the Lab
Working with biological specimens can be interesting and rewarding. But we need to be careful when handling and disposing of these types of specimens because they do have the potential to do harm both in and out of the lab.
10. Use of Animals In Experiments: Ethics & Concept
Learn about using animals in experiments according to ethical guidelines set forth by the American Psychological Association, including the ethical and unethical use of animals in past research experiments, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
11. The Importance of Institutional Review Boards in Research
If you think a researcher just runs an experiment, then you didn't know they would run the risk of losing both their position as a researcher and possibly their freedom. The importance of the Institutional Review Boards keeps them safe.
12. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders
In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.
13. How Scientific Objectivity Influences Scientific Progress
Scientists make new discoveries by making careful observations and analyzing results in a way that is honest, objective, and based on what is already understood. This lesson will define objectivity and explain why it is important to scientific progress.
14. How Science Has Changed Society
Without science, our modern world just wouldn't be the same. The way we travel, shop, learn, socialize, eat, work, and play is possible because of scientific influences and innovations. Take a look around, and you'll see science pretty much everywhere!
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Other chapters within the MTLE Middle Level Science: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Scientific Methods & Tools
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Connecting Science & Other Subjects
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Developing Science Reading Skills
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Reading Comprehension & Analysis
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Components & Evolution of Earth
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Matter & Energy
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Earth's Structure & Weather Cycles
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Earth, The Solar System & The Universe
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Human Interactions with Earth Systems
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Structures & Functions of Living Organisms
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Molecular & Cellular Life Processes
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Evolution of Life
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Interdependence, Energy Flow & Ecosystems
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Linear Motion & Forces
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Vibrations, Waves & Light
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Electricity & Magnetism
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Properties & Structure of Matter
- MTLE Middle Level Science: Understanding Chemical Reactions, Thermodynamics & Kinetics
- MTLE Middle Level Science Flashcards