About This Chapter
MTLE Reading Teacher: Principles of Reading Assessment - Chapter Summary
Studying for the MTLE Reading Teacher assessment could require you to revisit concepts you haven't explored in weeks, months or even years. Use the lessons in this chapter to brush up on your knowledge of the principles of reading assessment. In no time, you will have the ability to:
- Identify qualities and validity of good assessments
- Explain the reliability coefficient
- Discuss how to use standard deviation and bell curves
- Share the importance of assessment and standardized tests in education
- Examine high-stakes testing, testing bias, cultural bias and language differences in assessments
- Describe use and misuse of assessments in the classrooms and various types of tests
- Provide the positive and negative effects of standardized testing on students
- Differentiate between norm- and criterion-referenced scoring, and identify various forms of assessment
This chapter is filled with resources that can make your preparations fun and efficient. The video lessons are highly entertaining, packed with quality information and aided by engaging visual and audio effects. If you don't have time to watch entire videos, take advantage of timelines that allow you to identify and skip to key topics using video tags. You can assess your readiness to take the exam by taking short quizzes. A chapter exam is available to reinforce concepts explored in all the lessons.
1. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
2. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
3. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
4. Using Standard Deviation and Bell Curves for Assessment
When a teacher gives an exam in class, how does she decide if the test scores were good or bad? This lesson focuses on classroom assessment, specifically how to analyze the variability of scores within a given group of students. We'll discuss both standard deviation and bell curves.
5. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
6. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
7. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
8. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
9. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
10. The Effects of Standardized Testing on Students
Standardized testing is everywhere in education these days. It's important for teachers to understand how these tests work and particularly the effects of standardized tests on the students taking them!
11. The Negative Effects of Standardized Testing
Standardized testing in schools has become common practice, but like most things, there good and bad associated with them. This lesson will explore some negative effects of standardized testing in schools.
12. Types of Tests: Norm-Referenced vs. Criterion-Referenced
What's the best way to score tests? In this lesson, we'll look at two major types of tests that are scored differently from each other: norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests.
13. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
14. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
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Other chapters within the MTLE Reading Teacher: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Learning Theories
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Language & Reading Development
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Planning Reading Instruction
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Resources for Reading Instruction
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Reading Assessment Techniques
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Using Reading Assessment Data
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Promoting a Literate Environment
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Promoting Literacy Through Technology
- MTLE Reading Teacher: The Reading Professional
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Professional Organizations
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Emergent Literacy
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Spelling & Writing
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Phonics
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Developing Student Fluency
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Developing Student Vocabulary
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Language Arts Instruction
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Narrative Texts
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Expository Texts
- MTLE Reading Teacher: Oral Communication
- MTLE Reading Teacher Flashcards