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Ch 54: MTLE Social Studies: U.S. Government Structure

About This Chapter

Adequately prepare for the MTLE Social Studies exam by looking through the material in this chapter. We designed this chapter to be engaging so learning or reviewing topics about U.S. government structure can be fun.

MTLE Social Studies: U.S. Government Structure - Chapter Summary

This chapter contains self-assessment quizzes and video lessons, which help you quickly review the structure of the United States government. The lessons prepare you for MTLE Social Studies exam questions asking about:

  • The three branches of government
  • The process for a bill becoming a law
  • Types of interest groups
  • The Progressive Movement
  • Amending the constitution
  • The president's cabinet
  • The court system
  • How foreign policy is developed
  • Minnesota government
  • The powers of federal and state government

Our instructors break down how the U.S. government works, and you will review different forms of government in this chapter. Ensure that you are ready for this test by using our self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts. Video tags let you easily return to any video segments for additional review.

14 Lessons in Chapter 54: MTLE Social Studies: U.S. Government Structure
The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial

1. The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial

In 1787, leaders from each of the states gathered to write the United States Constitution. The Constitution sets out how our nation is governed and creates a system that separates powers between different branches. This lesson explores the three branches of our federal government.

How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

2. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.

What Are Interest Groups in the United States? - History & Types

3. What Are Interest Groups in the United States? - History & Types

The following lesson will discuss the history and types of interest groups that exist in the American political system. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.

The Progressive Movement & Mechanisms for Increased Political Participation

4. The Progressive Movement & Mechanisms for Increased Political Participation

The Progressive Movement marked an era of political activism. Reformers sought to strengthen democracy, eliminate corruption and protect laborers. This lesson explains the movement and how it increased political participation.

The Process of Amending the Constitution

5. The Process of Amending the Constitution

Amending the United States Constitution is a complicated process. It's only been accomplished 27 times. This lesson outlines the process by which the U.S. Constitution can be amended.

The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy

6. The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy

In this lesson, we will explore the relationships between the president and the bureaucracy. We will focus especially on the cabinet, independent regulatory agencies, and the Office of Management and Budget.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

7. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

The U.S. Criminal Justice Process: Definition & Steps

8. The U.S. Criminal Justice Process: Definition & Steps

In this lesson, you will learn about the process of American criminal justice. Several key features of each step in the process will be discussed including the stages of criminal case processing.

Developing Foreign Policy: The President, Congress & Interest Groups

9. Developing Foreign Policy: The President, Congress & Interest Groups

Foreign policy is not developed in a vacuum or by only one actor in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about how the president, Congress and interest groups help develop U.S. foreign policy. A short quiz follows.

Human Rights Treaties, Humanitarian Intervention & Political Mindsets

10. Human Rights Treaties, Humanitarian Intervention & Political Mindsets

The international community acknowledges the existence of certain universal human rights. In this lesson, you'll learn about how the international community seeks to enforce these rights and hold sovereign states accountable for their violation.

Minnesota Government: State, Local & Tribal

11. Minnesota Government: State, Local & Tribal

Minnesota, like all US states, maintains its own governments. In this lesson, we're going to check out the state, local, and tribal governments of Minnesota and see how they interact.

What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

12. What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

A federal government is a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments. We'll take a look at how power plays out between the national and local government, and the benefits of a federal government.

What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges

13. What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges

The United States has a federal government and each of the 50 states has a state government. This lesson explains the organization of state governments, and explores the powers and responsibilities of state governments.

What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

14. What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

Each of the 50 states has a state government. Within those states, each county and municipality also has a government. This lesson explains the organization of local governments and explores the powers and responsibilities of local governments.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTLE Social Studies: Practice & Study Guide course

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