Ch 6: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Cell Structure & Function

About This Chapter

Improve your knowledge of cell structure and function before you take the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination for teacher certification. Build upon what you learned previously by studying this chapter's online videos and taking the short quizzes.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) - Cell Structure and Function - Chapter Summary

As you prepare for the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination's questions, use this chapter on cell structure and function to revisit some of the topics you'll encounter on the exam. The animated video lessons cover the stages of meiosis and mitosis, the role of cell membranes and the importance of protein synthesis. Rediscover what happens during the process of cell division and explore scientific evidence for the endosymbiosis theory. After completing this chapter, you should be capable of:

  • Describing the process of cell evolution
  • Discussing the structure and function of cell membranes
  • Contrasting meiosis and mitosis
  • Explaining protein synthesis and its phases
  • Outlining the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
  • Understanding the structure of plant cells
  • Learning more about cytokinesis

Exploring each of these video lessons can prepare you to answer questions related to cell structure and function during the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination. The informative video lessons can be watched online at your convenience, and you can pause or stop them instantly. The transcripts are written replicas of the videos, and they often contain bold key words. Take a look at the Dashboard area; this is where you'll find the ask-an-expert feature, your chapter activities and related courses.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) - Cell Structure and Function Objectives

The MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination is divided into four subareas that are each worth 25% of the assessment score. The Life Science subarea tests your knowledge of cell theory. You'll also have to demonstrate your ability to comprehend and explain cell function and structure, including mitosis, meiosis and protein synthesis. There are paper-based and computer-based versions of the examination. Both include 100 multiple-choice questions. However, the paper test must be finished in under four hours and 30 minutes, and the computerized test has a significantly lower time limit of two hours and 30 minutes.

8 Lessons in Chapter 6: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Cell Structure & Function
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Endosymbiosis Theory: Evolution of Cells

1. The Endosymbiosis Theory: Evolution of Cells

Ever wonder why some cells are very simple and others are complex with countless organelles to remember? We will look at how simple cells evolved to become more complex cells - as well as evidence to support this.

The Cell: Structure & Function

2. The Cell: Structure & Function

The cell is a small, but complex structure. Take a look inside the outer plasma membrane of a cell and discover the functions of some common cellular components, including the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, in this lesson.

What is Mitosis? - Definition, Stages & Function

3. What is Mitosis? - Definition, Stages & Function

Every day your body cells are dividing using a process called mitosis. This allows you to grow and replace damaged or worn out cells. Learn about the stages of mitosis: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.

What is Meiosis? - Steps & Results

4. What is Meiosis? - Steps & Results

It's meiosis that gives us the male and female reproductive cells known as the egg and sperm. In meiosis, two cell divisions take place, which produces four genetically unique cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance

5. Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance

The DNA of the cell contains the blueprints for all the proteins in the body. These blueprints become proteins with the help of RNA and ribosomes. Follow along with this lesson to learn about the two major phases of protein synthesis: transcription and translation.

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

6. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.

Plant Cell Structures: The Cell Wall and Central Vacuole

7. Plant Cell Structures: The Cell Wall and Central Vacuole

In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the things that make plant cells so different from our cells. In addition to being mean, green photosynthesizing machines, plant cells have cell walls and central vacuoles to make them unique!

Cytokinesis: Animal Versus Plant Cells

8. Cytokinesis: Animal Versus Plant Cells

What's a cell to do when it must divide in two? We'll explore cytokinesis and see how the process can differ in important ways when it comes to plant versus animal cells.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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