Ch 7: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Functions of Living Things

About This Chapter

Our MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) test prep study guide addresses the characteristics of life and living things in this Functions of Living Things chapter. Our video lessons will help prepare you for the questions on the test.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Functions of Living Things - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our instructors will take you through a comprehensive refresher course on the basic functions common to all forms of life. You will review the following material in this chapter:

  • Characteristics of life, basic taxonomy
  • Cells and cell division, sexual/asexual reproduction
  • Respiration, breathing and photosynthesis
  • Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in bacteria
  • Metabolic reactions in living things
  • Many-celled organisms; bones, muscles and more
  • Vascular and non-vascular plants

Our program enables you to measure the effectiveness of your studies through self-assessment quizzes and chapter exams. The quizzes link to various parts of the lesson, and the more comprehensive nature of the chapter exams confirms your retention of the material while identifying areas in which you may need additional study. The dashboard provides a convenient means whereby you can record your progress through the chapter.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Functions of Living Things Objectives

There are four domains contained in the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) exam, each of which comprises 25% of the total score. This chapter relates to the first two sections of the Life Science domain.

You may take the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) exam as a computer-based or a paper-based test at your discretion. Both consist of 100 total questions, all of which are multiple-choice in format.

15 Lessons in Chapter 7: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Functions of Living Things
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Foundational Elements of Life

1. The Foundational Elements of Life

Living things are complex products of their environments. They are made of a number of different natural elements, many of which are essential to survival. Because of this, they are considered foundational elements and they support life on Earth as we know it.

Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things

2. Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things

The name you give to a living thing may be completely different than the name someone else uses. In science, we use a common naming system for all living things to avoid confusion. This lesson will explore the basics of our classification system.

The Cell Cycle: Definition, Phases & Sequence

3. The Cell Cycle: Definition, Phases & Sequence

Learn about the dividing and non-dividing states of the cell and discover the different phases of the cell cycle, including interphase, cytokinesis, and the stages of cell division.

Cell Growth: Phases & Factors

4. Cell Growth: Phases & Factors

This lesson provides an overview of cell growth and division. It includes descriptions of how major cell types divide, why cell growth and division are important, and images to guide your understanding. The lesson is followed by a short quiz.

Asexual vs. Sexual Reproduction: Comparison & Characteristics

5. Asexual vs. Sexual Reproduction: Comparison & Characteristics

Did you know that some organisms can reproduce without a mate? Check out this video lesson on asexual versus sexual reproduction to discover the different ways organisms can reproduce and the main differences between mitosis and meiosis.

Photosynthesis: Definition & Reactions

6. Photosynthesis: Definition & Reactions

Some people may falsely assume plants to be weaker than animals. However, plants and a few other organisms harness light energy from the sun to feed the rest of us. This lesson will introduce you to how they do it.

Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells

7. Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells

Watch this short video to learn the basics about converting organic compounds into ATP, also known as cellular respiration. We'll look at an overview of the process.

Autonomic Breathing: How Ventilation is Regulated

8. Autonomic Breathing: How Ventilation is Regulated

Did you know that our nervous system controls our breathing? This lesson describes the basic elements of the homeostatic system responsible for balancing oxygen supply with metabolic demand.

Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

9. Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Respiration is the process of converting nutrients into usable energy. Several different mechanisms exist in the bacterial world. In this lesson, we will examine the role of oxygen in bacterial aerobic respiration.

Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

10. Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Bacteria are metabolically versatile and can grow in a range of environments. Many bacteria grow in environments without oxygen using anaerobic respiration and fermentation. This lesson will discuss the process of anaerobic respiration in bacteria.

Oxidation & Reduction Reactions in the Metabolism: Process & Significance

11. Oxidation & Reduction Reactions in the Metabolism: Process & Significance

Oxidation and reduction reactions, collectively known as redox reactions, take place in body cells and are important for the production of energy, namely ATP. Oxidation involves the loss of electrons and reduction involves the gain of electrons.

Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium

12. Multicellular Organisms, Tissues and Epithelium

In this lesson on multicellular organisms, you'll take a look at what it actually means to be multicellular and how cells are organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. This lesson also covers one of the four main tissue types: epithelial tissue.

Skeletal System and Muscular System

13. Skeletal System and Muscular System

Do you know how many bones are in the human body? Check out this video lesson to uncover the answer, as well as understand the role and importance of the skeletal and muscular systems.

Nonvascular Plants: Examples, Definition & Characteristics

14. Nonvascular Plants: Examples, Definition & Characteristics

This lesson will explore the world of a small and simple type of plant known as a nonvascular plant. We'll also discuss types of nonvascular plants and their importance in the environment.

Vascular Plants: Examples, Types & Characteristics

15. Vascular Plants: Examples, Types & Characteristics

This lesson will explore the characteristics of a large group of plants known as vascular plants. The lesson will also focus on the different types of vascular plants and unique examples.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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