Ch 17: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Lithosphere & History of Earth

About This Chapter

Review the lithosphere and the history of the Earth with this chapter's video lessons. Use the chapter as a study resource while you prepare for relevant questions on the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Lithosphere and History of Earth - Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the history of life on Earth and its different eras. Explore the planet's early stages and discover how live evolved from non-living matter. Get ready for the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination by learning more about Earth's tectonic plates and the causes of their movement, and study major geologic theories on continental drift and plate tectonics. Your completion of this chapter's online video lessons means you should be able to:

  • Understand theories about Earth's origins and the timelines of major eras
  • Identify Earth's spheres and tectonic plates
  • Explain the reasons for the movement of the tectonic plates
  • Discuss plate boundaries, the theory of Pangaea and the unifying theory of plate tectonics
  • Outline Alfred Wegener's theory of continental drift
  • Explain evidence for continental drift
  • Share knowledge of ocean drilling, sea floor spreading and paleomagnetism
  • Describe the Earth's internal layers and mountain-formation processes

Gear up for the MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination by watching each of the online videos in this chapter. They include animated videos, transcripts, quizzes and printable worksheets of the quiz questions. Study 24/7 as you find time. You'll also be able to ask questions by submitting them to our subject experts.

MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) - Lithosphere and History of Earth Objectives

The MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary) examination is composed of four subareas. They each add up to 25% of the overall score. The two versions of this examination, paper-based and computer-based, have different time limits. When taking the test on paper, you'll have four hours and 30 minutes to finish. If you choose the computerized test, you'll have just two hours and 30 minutes for completion. There are 100 multiple-choice questions on each form of the examination. Use your acquired knowledge to answer questions on the Earth's lithosphere when you get to the second subarea, Earth/Space Science.

15 Lessons in Chapter 17: MTTC Integrated Science (Elementary): Lithosphere & History of Earth
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Origin of Life on Earth: Theories and Explanations

1. The Origin of Life on Earth: Theories and Explanations

Ever wonder how living things came from non-living things? We will explore what conditions on early Earth may have created life from non-living items.

The History of Life on Earth: Timeline and Characteristics of Major Eras

2. The History of Life on Earth: Timeline and Characteristics of Major Eras

The Earth is over 4 billion years old. Ever wonder what happened during certain time periods in that large amount of time? We will look at the major eons and eras of Earth's history along with important characteristics of each.

The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

3. The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

Earth is made up of four distinct yet connect spheres. In this video lesson, you will learn about where each sphere is found on Earth, as well as some features commonly found in each.

Major Plates of the Lithosphere: Earth's Tectonic Plates

4. Major Plates of the Lithosphere: Earth's Tectonic Plates

The outer shell of the earth, the lithosphere, is broken up into tectonic plates. The seven major plates are the African plate, Antarctic plate, Eurasian plate, Indo-Australian plate, North American plate, Pacific plate and South American plate.

Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

5. Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

In this lesson, we explore the causes of plate movement, including thermal convection, ridge push and slab pull. Students will learn how these processes complement each other and form a theory for tectonic plate movement.

Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

6. Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

In the theory of plate tectonics, the earth's crust is broken into plates that move around relative to each other. As a result of this movement, three types of plate boundaries are formed: divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries.

What is Pangaea? - Theory & Definition

7. What is Pangaea? - Theory & Definition

The continents you know have existed for a long time, but not in their current locations. In fact, over 200 million years ago Pangaea broke apart by plate tectonic movement to form the continents we see today.

Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

8. Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

After many years of trying to solve the mystery of the moving continents, enough data and evidence was collected to develop a unifying theory of how the surface of the earth changes. It's called plate tectonics.

Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

9. Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

People used to think that Earth was static, and that it never changed. Gradually, a body of evidence was gathered that made no sense in this model. Alfred Wegener, Geologic Supersleuth, laid the groundwork for a whole new theory for the large-scale changing nature of the earth.

Evidence for the Mechanism of Continental Drift

10. Evidence for the Mechanism of Continental Drift

As scientists began to explore the ocean floor after World War II, they discovered many new clues to help them solve a mystery that had begun decades earlier - how the continents moved about on the surface of the earth.

Ocean Drilling as Evidence for Plate Tectonics

11. Ocean Drilling as Evidence for Plate Tectonics

The Deep Sea Drilling Project extracted samples of the ocean floor that provided evidence to support the hypothesis of seafloor spreading and the theory of plate tectonics. Learn how these samples provided proof.

Paleomagnetism and Hot Spots: Evidence for Plate Tectonics

12. Paleomagnetism and Hot Spots: Evidence for Plate Tectonics

Paleomagnetism is the study of past magnetic fields. Hot spots are fixed pockets of heat that well up to form volcanic features. Learn how paleomagnetism and the study of hot spots provide evidence that supports the theory of plate tectonics.

Sea Floor Spreading and Polar Reversal

13. Sea Floor Spreading and Polar Reversal

Sea floor spreading is the process by which new oceanic crust is formed by the upwelling of magma through diverging tectonic plates. Learn about the relationship between sea floor spreading and polar reversals detected on the ocean floor.

Earth's Internal Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core

14. Earth's Internal Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core

Earth is made up of several different layers, each with unique properties. In this video lesson, you will identify each layer of Earth and how it relates to Earth as a whole.

The Processes of Mountain Building

15. The Processes of Mountain Building

In this video lesson, you will learn about the process of mountain building. You will identify different ways that mountains form, as well as the different types of mountains that result from this process.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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