Copyright

Ch 17: MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary): History of Earth & Plate Tectonics

About This Chapter

Prepare for the earth sciences portion of the MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary) exam with these lessons on the geological history of Earth and the theories which describe the changes it has gone through. Check out the assessments for great test-taking practice and helpful content review.

MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary): History of Earth & Plate Tectonics - Chapter Summary

This chapter brings into sharp focus the processes and events which have shaped the planet Earth into the world we know today. We identify plates within the earth's crust, theories which describe their movement, and evidence which points toward the validity of these theories. Specifically, you'll get ready for the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Integrated Science (Secondary) exam with lessons on:

  • The spheres and major plates of Earth
  • Boundaries of plates, past and present
  • Continental drift and causes of plate movement
  • Various measures and evidence of plate movement
  • Sea floor spreading
  • The layers of the Earth
  • Mountain building

We offer a complete study and practice suite, giving you a comprehensive review in one place. Check out the great video lessons from our expert instructors, then test your skills in the lesson quizzes and chapter test. Return to the areas that gave you trouble using the links in the quiz review or with the lesson links and timeline tags.

MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary): History of Earth & Plate Tectonics Chapter Objectives

When you take the MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary) test you will face equal amounts of questions in the content areas of scientific principles/processes, life science, earth/space science, and physical sciences. This lesson falls within the earth/space science area, particularly objective 012 on the theory of plate tectonic and recognizing changes in the earth's crust. This content area makes up 25% of the test. The test includes 100 multiple-choice questions overall, which you will have either 4.5 hours (for the paper test) or 2.5 hours (for the computer-based test) to complete.

13 Lessons in Chapter 17: MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary): History of Earth & Plate Tectonics
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

1. The Four Spheres of Earth: Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Atmosphere

Earth is made up of four distinct yet connect spheres. In this video lesson, you will learn about where each sphere is found on Earth, as well as some features commonly found in each.

Major Plates of the Lithosphere: Earth's Tectonic Plates

2. Major Plates of the Lithosphere: Earth's Tectonic Plates

The outer shell of the earth, the lithosphere, is broken up into tectonic plates. The seven major plates are the African plate, Antarctic plate, Eurasian plate, Indo-Australian plate, North American plate, Pacific plate and South American plate.

Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

3. Causes of Tectonic Plate Movement

In this lesson, we explore the causes of plate movement, including thermal convection, ridge push and slab pull. Students will learn how these processes complement each other and form a theory for tectonic plate movement.

Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

4. Plate Boundaries: Convergent, Divergent, and Transform Boundaries

In the theory of plate tectonics, the earth's crust is broken into plates that move around relative to each other. As a result of this movement, three types of plate boundaries are formed: divergent, convergent, and transform boundaries.

What is Pangaea? - Theory & Definition

5. What is Pangaea? - Theory & Definition

The continents you know have existed for a long time, but not in their current locations. In fact, over 200 million years ago Pangaea broke apart by plate tectonic movement to form the continents we see today.

Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

6. Plate Tectonics: A Unified Theory for Change of the Earth's Surface

After many years of trying to solve the mystery of the moving continents, enough data and evidence was collected to develop a unifying theory of how the surface of the earth changes. It's called plate tectonics.

Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

7. Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift

People used to think that Earth was static, and that it never changed. Gradually, a body of evidence was gathered that made no sense in this model. Alfred Wegener, Geologic Supersleuth, laid the groundwork for a whole new theory for the large-scale changing nature of the earth.

Evidence for the Mechanism of Continental Drift

8. Evidence for the Mechanism of Continental Drift

As scientists began to explore the ocean floor after World War II, they discovered many new clues to help them solve a mystery that had begun decades earlier - how the continents moved about on the surface of the earth.

Ocean Drilling as Evidence for Plate Tectonics

9. Ocean Drilling as Evidence for Plate Tectonics

The Deep Sea Drilling Project extracted samples of the ocean floor that provided evidence to support the hypothesis of seafloor spreading and the theory of plate tectonics. Learn how these samples provided proof.

Paleomagnetism and Hot Spots: Evidence for Plate Tectonics

10. Paleomagnetism and Hot Spots: Evidence for Plate Tectonics

Paleomagnetism is the study of past magnetic fields. Hot spots are fixed pockets of heat that well up to form volcanic features. Learn how paleomagnetism and the study of hot spots provide evidence that supports the theory of plate tectonics.

Sea Floor Spreading and Polar Reversal

11. Sea Floor Spreading and Polar Reversal

Sea floor spreading is the process by which new oceanic crust is formed by the upwelling of magma through diverging tectonic plates. Learn about the relationship between sea floor spreading and polar reversals detected on the ocean floor.

Earth's Internal Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core

12. Earth's Internal Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core

Earth is made up of several different layers, each with unique properties. In this video lesson, you will identify each layer of Earth and how it relates to Earth as a whole.

The Processes of Mountain Building

13. The Processes of Mountain Building

In this video lesson, you will learn about the process of mountain building. You will identify different ways that mountains form, as well as the different types of mountains that result from this process.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTTC Integrated Science (Secondary)(094): Practice & Study Guide course

Support