# Ch 51: MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Discrete Mathematics

### About This Chapter

## MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Discrete Mathematics - Chapter Summary

Go over what you know about discrete mathematics to ensure you're ready for success on the MTTC Mathematics (Elementary) exam. This chapter was carefully crafted to provide you with the opportunity to review:

- The fundamental counting principle
- Math combinations
- Methods for calculating permutations and probabilities of permutations
- Cardinality, subsets and Venn diagrams
- Values of annuities and properties of algorithms
- Uses of linear programming

You can watch these engaging video lessons from a mobile device when a computer is not nearby. Put your math skills to the test by completing the accompanying quizzes.

### 1. Fundamental Counting Principle: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about the fundamental counting principle, a method for determining how many ways choices can be made from groups. Several examples will be given.

### 2. Math Combinations: Formula and Example Problems

Combinations are an arrangement of objects where order does not matter. In this lesson, the coach of the Wildcats basketball team uses combinations to help his team prepare for the upcoming season.

### 3. How to Calculate a Permutation

A permutation is a method used to calculate the total outcomes of a situation where order is important. In this lesson, John will use permutations to help him organize the cards in his poker hand and order a pizza.

### 4. How to Calculate the Probability of Permutations

In this lesson, you will learn how to calculate the probability of a permutation by analyzing a real-world example in which the order of the events does matter. We'll also review what a factorial is. We will then go over some examples for practice.

### 5. Cardinality & Types of Subsets (Infinite, Finite, Equal, Empty)

In this video, we will add to our knowledge of sets. We will talk about cardinality, infinite, finite, equal and the empty set. I think you will find these very straightforward, so let's begin.

### 6. Venn Diagrams: Subset, Disjoint, Overlap, Intersection & Union

The Venn diagram was introduced by John Venn. Yes, the Venn diagram is named after a real person! His idea was to show sets in terms of pictures. The Venn diagram is now used in many fields, including mathematics. Let's take a look at John Venn's idea.

### 7. How to Find the Value of an Annuity

Want to see how much money you will have in the future if you make a set payment every month towards your annuity? Then watch this video lesson for the formula and how to use it.

### 8. Properties of Algorithms

Algorithms are a set of step-by-step instructions that satisfy a certain set of properties. In this lesson, we'll explore the properties an algorithm must satisfy in order to be useful using an example.

### 9. Using Linear Programming to Solve Problems

This lesson describes the use of Linear Programming to search for the optimal solutions to problems with multiple, conflicting objectives, using linear equations to represent the decision problem.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTTC Mathematics (Elementary) (089): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Mathematical Reasoning
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Problem-Solving Strategies
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Proportions & Ratios
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Principles of Fractions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Operations with Fractions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Introduction to Decimals
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Operations with Decimals
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Percents
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Whole Numbers & Number Terms
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Real Numbers
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Properties of Numbers
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Integers
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Rational Numbers
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Mathematical Operations
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Factoring & Divisibility
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Prime Factorization
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Roots
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Exponents
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Exponential Expressions & Scientific Notation
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Absolute Value
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Sequences & Series
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Patterns & Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Understanding Algebraic Expressions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Solving Algebraic Expressions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Linear Equations
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Graphing Linear Equations
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Properties of Polynomial Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Properties of Quadratic Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Properties of Rational Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Trigonometric Functions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Calculus Concepts
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Principles of Measurement
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Lines in Geometry
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Geometric Figures
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Triangles
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Triangle Proofs & Theorems
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Quadrilaterals
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Polygons
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Circles & Circular Arcs
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Principles of Geometric Solids
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Symmetry & Parallel Lines
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Transformations in Geometry
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Coordinate Geometry
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Organizing Data
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Summarizing Data
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Sampling & Prediction
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Regression & Correlation
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Probability
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary): Probability Distributions
- MTTC Mathematics (Elementary) Flashcards