About This Chapter
MTTC Middle Level: Education Philosophy & Organization - Chapter Summary
As part of your review for the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Middle Level exam, watch these lessons to review the history of the Middle School Movement, effective middle school programs, strategies for teaching middle school students, and educational and cognitive theories that are important to understanding middle school education. These lessons are taught by our expert instructors who will prepare you for exam questions about:
- Philosophy and foundation of the concept of middle school education
- Empirically supported middle school organizations and programs
- Organization of the modern U.S. public school system
- John Dewey's theories and philosophies on education
- Howard Gardner's theories of intelligence and Jean Piaget's cognitive development stages
- Models and strategies for collaborative team teaching
- Functions and structures of teacher-based advisory programs
- Functions and characteristics of exploratory programs in middle schools
After watching these lesson videos, you can test your knowledge with the included quizzes. If you find a topic that confuses you, be sure to send any questions to our professional instructors via the teacher tabs of the lessons.
MTTC Middle Level: Education Philosophy & Organization Objectives
The state of Michigan uses the MTTC: Middle Level exam to determine if prospective middle grades teachers possess the knowledge and skills needed to teach middle grades students. This certification exam has two formats: paper based and computerized. Each version is composed of 100 multiple-choice questions. You'll have four hours and 30 minutes to finish the paper version, and two hours and 30 minutes for completion of the computer-administered test.
Of the material covered by the questions in this exam, 18% is about the nature of early adolescence and 23% is about middle grades philosophy and school organization. Use the lessons of this chapter to prepare for questions about the development of young adolescents, foundations of middle school concepts and middle school teaching models.
1. Historic Development of the Middle School Movement
In this lesson, we will learn about how middle level education evolved from the sharp transition from elementary to high school to the more gradual transition that exists today.
2. Middle School Organization & Programs
In this lesson we discuss various ways that a middle school can take on organization, as well as concepts and programs that help facilitate this process.
3. Modern U.S. Public Schools: Kindergarten to High School
The modern American educational landscape is quite different from what it was a century ago. In this lesson, we'll look at the different levels of public education in America, including the difference in middle schools and junior high schools.
4. John Dewey on Education: Impact & Theory
John Dewey is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of modern educational theory. In this video, we will briefly explore his philosophical position and how his ideas have impacted education for decades.
5. Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education
What does it mean to be intelligent? In this lesson, we'll explore the multiple intelligences theory of psychologist Howard Gardner, including the different types of intelligence that Gardner proposes and his impact on education.
6. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
7. Collaborative Team Teaching Models & Strategies
Many schools are using team teaching in order to support the needs of a variety of students. This lesson will introduce you to the various models of team teaching as well as strategies to support a successful partnership.
8. Teacher-Based Advisory Programs in Middle School
A common practice with students, advisories are becoming more commonplace in teacher education with teacher-led advisory programs. Teacher-led advisory programs increase academic performance, foster professional reflection and growth, and improve teacher retention.
9. Exploratory Programs for Middle School: Characteristics & Functions
Innovative and effective educators know that the middle school years require a special plan to meet students' needs. In this lesson, we will explore the use of exploratory programs in middle schools, including their characteristics and functions.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Middle Level (085): Practice & Study Guide course