About This Chapter
MTTC Physical Science: Physical Properties of Matter - Chapter Summary
Delve into these lessons about the basic principles that explain the physical properties of matter. Since 40% of the MTTC Physical Science exam includes questions about this and other topics within the field of chemistry, you should set aside some study time with our materials to review the following:
- Phase changes
- The different states of matter
- Alkali metals and halogens
- Gases, gas constants, and the ideal gas law
- Solutes, solutions, and solvents
- Chemical properties of matter
- Water properties
If you have not gone over the basics of matter properties in some time, our fast and entertaining lessons can refresh your memory in a jiffy. Each of the chapters has been divided up carefully by our experienced instructors. They have made the lessons short in duration by focusing each lesson on one key topic. You can browse the lesson menu and choose the topics you want to cover. Or, simply watch all of the video lessons and go over everything we offer. For a timed test like the MTTC Physical Science exam, you need a study guide to learn the materials, but you also need some practice answering similar questions. Ergo, we give you lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to help get your mind in the right condition for this assessment.
1. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
2. Atomic Number and Mass Number
Atoms are the basic building blocks of everything around you. In order to really understand how atoms combine to form molecules, it's necessary to be familiar with their structure. In this lesson, we'll dissect atoms so we can see just what really goes into those little building blocks of matter.
3. Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass
When you drink a glass of water, you are actually drinking a combination of heavy water and light water. What's the difference? Is it harmful? This video will explain the difference between the two types of water and go into detail on the significance of the different isotopes of elements.
4. The Kinetic Theory of Matter: Definition & The Four States of Matter
Everything on Earth is made of matter, but that matter isn't always the same. Matter can exist in four different phases, and the kinetic theory of matter helps us understand the differences between those phases.
5. Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases, but mostly, they exist in one of three: solid, liquid or gas. Learn the six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.
6. Alkali Metals (Group 1A Elements): Definition & Properties
Elements that can explode when put into water? Metals that can be cut with a knife? These are just some of the properties alkali metals share. This video will describe more properties and give some uses of these interesting metals.
7. Halogens (Group 7A Elements): Definition & Properties
The halogens are a group of non-metals that share several properties. This lesson will examine these properties and will also look at the many uses of these group 7A elements.
8. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
9. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
10. Solubility and Solubility Curves
Learn what solubility is as well as the definitions of 'saturated,' 'unsaturated' and 'supersaturated.' Learn how to determine the solubility of a substance in water by using a solubility curve. Discover the effects of pressure and temperature on the solubility of liquids, solids and gases.
11. Using Colligative Properties to Determine Molar Mass
In this lesson, we will explore the effect of colligative properties on a solution. We will learn how to calculate freezing point depression and see how it can be used to calculate the molar mass of an unknown substance.
12. Colligative Properties and Raoult's Law
Learn how vapor pressure and osmotic pressure are colligative properties. Learn Raoult's Law and how to use it to determine the vapor pressure of a solution. Learn the equation for determining osmotic pressure and how to use it to determine the molar mass of a substance.
13. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.
14. Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws
The ideal gas law is used to describe the behavior of ideal gases, but sometimes the conditions are such that gases behave differently. When this is the case we can use the van der Waals equation to describe the behavior of real gases under these non-ideal conditions.
15. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Physical Science (097): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Physical Science: Scientific Inquiry
- MTTC Physical Science: Conducting Research
- MTTC Physical Science: Interpreting Data
- MTTC Physical Science: Laboratory Safety
- MTTC Physical Science: Society & Scientific Progress
- MTTC Physical Science: Interdisciplinary Science
- MTTC Physical Science: Chemical Properties of Matter
- MTTC Physical Science: Chemical Bonds
- MTTC Physical Science: Chemical Reactions
- MTTC Physical Science: Stoichiometry
- MTTC Physical Science: Analytical Techniques
- MTTC Physical Science: Forces & Motion
- MTTC Physical Science: Work, Power & Energy
- MTTC Physical Science: Conservation Laws & Thermodynamics
- MTTC Physical Science: Waves & Wave Motion
- MTTC Physical Science: Electromagnetism
- MTTC Physical Science: Electromagnetic Waves & Spectrum
- MTTC Physical Science: Modern Physics
- MTTC Physical Science Flashcards