About This Chapter
MTTC Political Science: Terms and Concepts - Chapter Summary
Solidify your knowledge of political science by reviewing the topics in this chapter. Presented online, the short video lessons can give you a more thorough understanding of democracy, capitalism and totalitarianism. In addition to exploring the role of the U.S. Government, you'll learn more about parliamentary systems and direct democracy. As you develop expertise in these and other political science areas, you could get ready to address related questions on the MTTC Political Science examination. Watch this chapter's videos for assistance with:
- Defining and identifying the fields of study within political science
- Understanding politics and its governmental purpose
- Examining the rules of American politics and the different types of political power
- Discussing various forms of political justice
- Describing the duties and obligations associated with citizenship
- Differentiating between states, governments, nations and countries
- Learning more about representation in the field of political science
- Exploring ethics, the principles of democracy and the functions of government
- Comparing authoritarianism and totalitarianism
- Discussing transitional government and social contracts
- Learning more about political legitimacy and the process of shifting power
The video lessons outline these topics in depth. By reviewing the videos, you'll have opportunities to build upon your college studies and prepare to take the MTTC Political Science examination. Maintain your busy schedule and study the online lessons whenever it's convenient. They include video tags that move you from topic to topic as well as written transcripts that reflect the material in the videos. Submit your questions about political science to the experts and take the practice chapter examination.
MTTC Political Science: Terms and Concepts Chapter Objectives
Adding up to 15% of the overall score, the 'Political Science Concepts and Skills' sub-area of the MTTC Political Science examination will test your knowledge of political science principles and other subjects you reviewed throughout this chapter. The examination is paper-based, but will also be offered as a computer-based test starting in November 2015. It consists of 100 multiple-choice questions. You'll be allowed up to four hours and 30 minutes to demonstrate your preparedness to teach political science in Michigan schools.
1. What is Political Science?
The great Greek philosopher Aristotle once called political science the master science. In this lesson, you'll learn what political science is, different subfields in the discipline, and why the study of political science is important.
2. Politics: Definition and Source of Governmental Conflict
In this lesson, we will explore the concept of politics. We will examine the various definitions of the word, take a close look at the role of politics in government, and investigate the conflicts sometimes caused by politics.
3. The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will explore the three rules of American politics: democracy, constitutionalism, and capitalism. We will define each rule and see how it works to keep the political system running smoothly.
4. Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources
In this lesson, we will take a close look at political power. We will define the term, examine its elements, and learn about several theories that help determine who gets to use political power.
5. Political Legitimacy & Authority
If you've ever gotten a speeding ticket or had a bad experience at the DMV, you probably wondered who gave them the authority to treat you like that. In a roundabout way, you did, as this lesson demonstrates.
6. Shifting Power From Majority to Only a Few: Factors & Process
In this lesson, we will explore factors that have shifted power from the majority of voters to specific groups. We'll pay special attention to voter participation, single-issue voters, uninformed citizens, the nomination of candidates, and campaign expenses.
7. Political Justice and Political Rights
Some of the greatest questions in political thought revolve around the nebulous concepts of justice and rights. In this lesson, we'll be exploring these complex concepts. You'll also have a chance to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.
8. Civil Society and Citizenship
Citizenship and civil society are important concepts in the study of political science. In this lesson, you'll learn what citizenship is and what it means for people that hold it. You'll also learn about the important role of civil society in a democracy.
9. The Difference Between Countries, Nations, States, and Governments
The study of political science requires you to relearn familiar terms that hold a different meaning than found in common everyday usage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the difference between countries, nations, states and governments.
10. Representation in Political Science
Given the size and complexity of a modern state, direct democracy is impractical, if not infeasible. In this lesson, you'll learn about representative democracy, its different forms, and how it differs from direct democracy.
11. Theories of Ethics: Rights & Natural Laws
Legal rights are those rights provided to citizens through the Constitution and other articles of the US legal system. Natural rights are rooted in the ethical, based on what is right or wrong. Learn more about ethics in this lesson.
12. What is Government? - Definition, Role & Functions
In this lesson, we will examine the various definitions of government. Then we will take a close look at the functions of the U.S. government and the role it plays in citizens' everyday lives.
13. What is Democracy? - Definition, Types & Principles
In this lesson, we will study the nature of democracy. We will define the term, take a look at the types of democracy, and examine its basic principles.
14. What is Autocracy? - Totalitarianism vs. Authoritarianism
In this lesson, you'll imagine living in an autocracy. You will consider what would change if you went from an authoritarian society to a more totalitarian approach to government.
15. The Purpose of a Transitional Government
In this lesson, you'll imagine what it would be like to live in a country where the government has just been overthrown. We'll discuss the purpose of transitional governments and what challenges they face.
16. What is a Social Contract? - Definition & Examples
Learn about the idea of a social contract. Then you can understand how the concept has helped people to create modern governments all over the world that are more responsible to their citizens.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Political Science (010): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Political Science: Research Methodology
- MTTC Political Science: Data Collection & Analysis
- MTTC Political Science: Political Thought
- MTTC Political Science: Major Political Thinkers
- MTTC Political Science: Comparative Government
- MTTC Political Science: World Politics
- MTTC Political Science: International Relations
- MTTC Political Science: International Law & Treaties
- MTTC Political Science: Geography & Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Global Issues
- MTTC Political Science: Foundations of U.S. Government
- MTTC Political Science: The U.S. Constitution
- MTTC Political Science: Rights of U.S. Citizens
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Legislative Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Executive Branch
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Bureaucracy
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Judicial Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1789-1877)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1878-1945)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1946-1979)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1980-Present)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Foreign Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Government & the Economy
- MTTC Political Science: Political Parties & Elections
- MTTC Political Science: Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Interest Groups & Lobbying
- MTTC Political Science: Federalism
- MTTC Political Science: Analyzing Public Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Michigan State Government
- MTTC Political Science Flashcards