About This Chapter
MTTC Political Science: U.S. Judicial Branch - Chapter Summary
The short, engaging video lessons of this chapter are taught by professional instructors who aim to help you improve your understanding of the role of the U.S. judicial branch. Use these videos to prepare for MTTC Political Science exam questions about:
- Federal judiciary power
- The structure of the U.S. federal court system
- Differences between original and appellate jurisdiction
- The system of checks and balances
- Steps in judicial decision making
- Selection process of Supreme Court justices and other federal judges
- Landmark Supreme Court cases
After watching these video lessons, complete the accompanying practice quizzes to test your mastery of the material. When you discover topics you don't understand, return to them using the video tags.
1. The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences
Federal judges and Supreme Court justices make their decisions using different rationales and theories. This lesson explores the power of the federal judiciary, including a discussion of judicial review and judicial activism.
2. The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels
The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. This lesson explores the federal court system of the Unites States, including its structure and jurisdiction.
3. Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences
Federal courts can have either original jurisdiction or appellate jurisdiction. Some courts have both types of jurisdiction. This lesson explains the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in the federal court system.
4. Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples
Our federal government is divided into three branches. Each of the three branches holds certain checks and balances on the other two branches. This lesson explores the major checks and balances on the power of the United States Supreme Court.
5. Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants
A case will go through several steps before it can reach the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the participants, steps, and decision making involved in the appellate process. We will examine how a case can end up in the U.S. Supreme Court.
6. The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure
All federal judges are appointed by the United States President, and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, including the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the process of selecting federal judges and their tenure once selected.
7. Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Articles
This lesson will take a look at a collection of Supreme Court cases that have shaped how the Court has settled conflicts between different levels of government. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
8. Landmark Cases Based on Constitutional Amendments
The following lesson will cover a set of landmark Supreme Court decisions that serve to protect the rights of citizens given to us through our Constitution's amendments. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
9. Supreme Court Decisions on Constitutional Criminal Procedure
This lesson discusses the important Supreme Court decisions that established the rights a person has while in the criminal justice system. A short quiz follows the lesson to check for your understanding.
10. Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System
In this lesson, we will learn about the major US Supreme Court decisions that have impacted the juvenile justice system. We will uncover what those decisions are, what they entailed, and what part of the process they impact.
11. Miranda v. Arizona: Summary, Facts & Significance
In the famous case Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that suspects can only be interrogated after the police read them their legal rights. Read on to learn more about the details and legal legacy of Miranda v. Arizona.
12. Mapp v. Ohio in 1961: Summary, Decision & Significance
Dollree Mapp was convicted in 1957 of possession of pornography. But the Supreme Court overturned her conviction because the police obtained evidence illegally. Mapp v. Ohio used the Fourteenth Amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to state laws as well as federal laws.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Political Science (010): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Political Science: Terms & Concepts
- MTTC Political Science: Research Methodology
- MTTC Political Science: Data Collection & Analysis
- MTTC Political Science: Political Thought
- MTTC Political Science: Major Political Thinkers
- MTTC Political Science: Comparative Government
- MTTC Political Science: World Politics
- MTTC Political Science: International Relations
- MTTC Political Science: International Law & Treaties
- MTTC Political Science: International Politics & Economics
- MTTC Political Science: Global Issues
- MTTC Political Science: Foundations of U.S. Government
- MTTC Political Science: The U.S. Constitution
- MTTC Political Science: Rights of U.S. Citizens
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Legislative Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Executive Branch
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Bureaucracy
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1789-1877)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1878-1945)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1946-1979)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1980-Present)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Foreign Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Government & the Economy
- MTTC Political Science: Political Parties & Elections
- MTTC Political Science: Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Interest Groups & Lobbying
- MTTC Political Science: Federalism
- MTTC Political Science: Analyzing Public Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Communication & Problem Solving
- MTTC Political Science: Michigan State Government
- MTTC Political Science Flashcards