About This Chapter
MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Summary
Survey this chapter to rediscover how some of the founding fathers of this country shaped and influenced the political system. Get geared up for the foundations of government section on the MTTC Political Science exam by using our transcripts to study this political timeline. After you reach the end of this chapter, you should possess more insight concerning the following:
- Republicans versus Federalists
- Slavery, abolitionists, and the Emancipation Proclamation
- The developing economy amidst reform movements
- The legacy of President Lincoln
- The disappointments and accomplishments of the reconstruction period
To help yourself remember the political events that took place during the early years of our nation, try inspecting these video lessons. You will find that each lesson gets you through the important details in only a few minutes. Get a recap of every lesson by skimming through the transcript notes, or simply re-watching the videos.
MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1789-1877) - Chapter Objectives
Certified educators in Michigan seeking an endorsement to teach political science classes will have to meet the necessary requirements, including getting a passing score on the MTTC Political Science exam. This four-part assessment rates your level of comprehension in the areas of the political process, political science concepts, operations in U.S government, and interdisciplinary outlooks.
The section about operations in U.S. government is the largest portion of this exam, weighing out to 40% of your total test score. To do well on this key section, you will have to demonstrate your knowledge concerning the principles of the legal system as well as how the government operates. Since so much of our legal system is based on the concept of precedent, understanding the history of how our country developed its legal system, as covered in this chapter, should put you in a better position for choosing the right answers on this exam.
1. Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans
Although President Washington warned against the nation falling into political factions, the different views of the Constitution held by Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans set the path for the two-party system that the U.S. has today.
2. President Jefferson's Election and Jeffersonian Democracy
The presidential election of 1800 was a rematch between President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson. An electoral tie between Jefferson and his running mate forced the House of Representatives to decide. The election inaugurated 24 years of political dominance for the Democratic-Republican Party.
3. Reform Movements of the 19th Century
Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.
4. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution
In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.
5. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response
The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.
6. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery
The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.
7. Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline
Manifest Destiny was a term coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845. It encompassed the idea that the United States was destined to occupy all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
8. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
9. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
10. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
11. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
12. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
13. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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Other chapters within the MTTC Political Science (010): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Political Science: Terms & Concepts
- MTTC Political Science: Research Methodology
- MTTC Political Science: Data Collection & Analysis
- MTTC Political Science: Political Thought
- MTTC Political Science: Major Political Thinkers
- MTTC Political Science: Comparative Government
- MTTC Political Science: World Politics
- MTTC Political Science: International Relations
- MTTC Political Science: International Law & Treaties
- MTTC Political Science: Geography & Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Global Issues
- MTTC Political Science: Foundations of U.S. Government
- MTTC Political Science: The U.S. Constitution
- MTTC Political Science: Rights of U.S. Citizens
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Legislative Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Executive Branch
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Bureaucracy
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Judicial Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1878-1945)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1946-1979)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1980-Present)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Foreign Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Government & the Economy
- MTTC Political Science: Political Parties & Elections
- MTTC Political Science: Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Interest Groups & Lobbying
- MTTC Political Science: Federalism
- MTTC Political Science: Analyzing Public Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Michigan State Government
- MTTC Political Science Flashcards