About This Chapter
MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1878-1945) - Chapter Summary
Watch the video lessons to re-familiarize yourself with ways that American politics and society changed between 1878 and 1945. Prepare for questions on the MTTC Political Science exam by going over the key details associated with the following:
- The effects of the second Industrial Revolution on economics, labor and immigration
- Political views during the Gilded Age
- Urbanization and organized labor
- The Populist Party and the Election of 1912
- Progressivism and African Americans
- Corruption, scandals, and transitions during the 1920s
- The Red Scare, Eugenics, and Nativism
- Roosevelt's first and second New Deal policies
- World War II politics
Our highly-trained instructors have built these lessons specifically to help you remember key information you need know to do your best on the MTTC Political Science exam. To begin with, the lessons are short in duration to promote information retention. You can watch the lesson videos or review the written transcripts for an alternative review. View the lessons in any order, or skip the topics you already know and just review the ones you don't. To gauge how much you've learned or how familiar you are with this era of U.S. politics, go through the quizzes and chapter exam and see how high you score.
MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1878-1945) - Chapter Objectives
On the MTTC Political Science exam, you will have to show your range of knowledge across four sub areas of related information. All of the 100 questions on the exam are selected-response. The questions are graded on a scale, and you are required to score 220 points or higher to receive an endorsement to teach political science classes in Michigan. One of the four subareas is weighed the heaviest, at 40% of your final score. This subarea addresses how the U.S. government was founded, its history, and how it currently operates. Since this chapter provides a refresher course on U.S. politics during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it should help you strengthen your skills for answering some of the questions found within this portion of the exam.
1. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution
With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'
2. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
3. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management
Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.
4. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions
During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.
5. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
6. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
7. Presidential Election of 1912: Candidates, Platforms & Significance
The presidential election of 1912 was a four-way race that brought out third party candidates and a former president. Learn about the candidates, their platforms and Woodrow Wilson's major accomplishments.
8. African Americans in the Progressive Era: Issues & Leaders
During the Progressive Era, from approximately 1900 to 1918, progress for many African Americans was hard to come by. Explore some of the inequalities African Americans faced and learn about notable African-American leaders of the era including Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois.
9. American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal
Americans looked forward to the start of a new decade in 1920. They also looked for a president that would ease their fears and return the nation to 'normal,' but big business and corruption would come to symbolize politics of the decade.
10. The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions
The decade of the 1920s saw older, traditional values of American society challenged by the rapidly changing Modern Age. Elements of the nation reacted to such change with fear. Develop an understanding of the reborn Ku Klux Klan, the eugenics movement and nativist sentiments of the 1920s.
11. The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes
The Red Scare of the early 1920s would not be the last. During this time, post-WWI America felt vulnerable and turned its fear on a perceived leftist or 'Red' threat. This lesson will help you to develop an understanding of the Red Scare of the 1920s.
12. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the First New Deal: The First 100 Days
President Franklin Roosevelt's first New Deal program represented an aggressive legislative campaign to relieve American suffering and end the Great Depression. Learn more about the first 100 days of the New Deal.
13. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Second New Deal
President Franklin Roosevelt's second New Deal represented a more conservative approach to battling the Great Depression. Learn more about the program, including its legislation and legacy.
14. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTTC Political Science (010): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Political Science: Terms & Concepts
- MTTC Political Science: Research Methodology
- MTTC Political Science: Data Collection & Analysis
- MTTC Political Science: Political Thought
- MTTC Political Science: Major Political Thinkers
- MTTC Political Science: Comparative Government
- MTTC Political Science: World Politics
- MTTC Political Science: International Relations
- MTTC Political Science: International Law & Treaties
- MTTC Political Science: Geography & Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Global Issues
- MTTC Political Science: Foundations of U.S. Government
- MTTC Political Science: The U.S. Constitution
- MTTC Political Science: Rights of U.S. Citizens
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Legislative Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Executive Branch
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Bureaucracy
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Judicial Branch
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1789-1877)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1946-1979)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Politics (1980-Present)
- MTTC Political Science: U.S. Foreign Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Federal Government & the Economy
- MTTC Political Science: Political Parties & Elections
- MTTC Political Science: Media & Culture in U.S. Politics
- MTTC Political Science: Interest Groups & Lobbying
- MTTC Political Science: Federalism
- MTTC Political Science: Analyzing Public Policy
- MTTC Political Science: Michigan State Government
- MTTC Political Science Flashcards