About This Chapter
MTTC Psychology: Personality Development and Theories - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to refresh your memory of personality development and the major theories of personality that could appear on the MTTC Psychology Exam. The videos cover all the topics you will need to know about, including:
- Behavioral genetics
- Id, ego and superego
- Freud's mechanisms of defense and theory of psychosexual development
- Theoris of Carl Jung and Alfred Adler
- Humanistic psychology
- Outmoded methods of assessing personality
- Nomothetic and idiographic research
- Self-esteem, self-understanding and self-concept
- Theories on temperament
Our highly experienced instructors review all aspects of these theories with you, highlighting salient points so that you will be ready for the test. Plus, our engaging video lessons combined with our self-assessment quizzes make learning easier and more fun. While most of this will be a review of what you learned in college, you may find that you pick up a new concept or two along the way.
Objectives of the MTTC Psychology: Personality Development and Theories Chapter
The MTTC Psychology Exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of the field of psychology as a whole as well as its subareas. A passing score of 220 is part of the requirements to become licensed as a teacher in the state of Michigan. The information in this Personality Development and Theories chapter falls within the Personality Theories and Psychological Disorders subarea of the test, which makes up 18% of the test items. By using the self-assessment quizzes that accompany the video lessons, you can determine what you need to work on as well as get an idea of the types of questions that will appear on the exam itself.
There are 100 multiple-choice items on the exam, which will ask you to read a passage or question and select a response from among several possibilities presented to you. The exam is administered in a paper-and-pencil version several times per year and in an electronic format year-round.
1. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
2. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption
Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.
3. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego, and the superego.
4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples
Do you think that defense mechanisms are what happen in the football field and coping mechanisms are what a team does when the quarterback is injured? Think again. These are just two of the list of Freud's terms used to categorize how we react to life's curve balls. Watch this lesson to get the whole picture.
5. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.
6. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams
In this lesson, we will be discussing Carl Jung's theories. Specifically, we will look at his theories on personality, dream analysis and the human psyche. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
7. Alfred Adler on Personality Development
Psychologists have different opinions about what shapes someone's personality. In this lesson, we'll explore the theories of Alfred Adler, including the effects of inferiority complex, parenting styles, and birth order on personality.
8. Humanistic Psychology & Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality
Do ever wonder about the origins of contemporary therapy practices? This lesson discusses the work of Carl Rogers and how Humanistic Psychology developed into a therapy style that helps us try to find and reach that best version of ourselves.
9. Historical Personality Assessment: Humorism, Phrenology & Physiognomy
Freud wasn't the first person to try to figure out why people do the things they do. All throughout history, scientific and philosophical brainpower have been devoted to figuring out how we end up the way they do. Find out more about the history of the study of personality in this lesson.
10. Researching Personality Traits: Nomothetic and Idiographic Analysis
Personality is what makes us unique. But how should we measure it? In this lesson, we'll examine the two major psychological approaches to personality - the nomothetic approach and the idiographic approach - and how they approach measurement.
11. What Is Self-Esteem? - Definition & How to Improve It
Feeling confident about yourself is called self-esteem. During the end of the 20th century, a self-esteem movement was geared at making children feel good about themselves. But did it work? What really improves a person's self-esteem?
12. Self-Understanding & Self-Concept: How We Perceive Ourselves
Answering the question 'Who am I?' can lead to a solid self-concept and self-understanding. Watch this lesson to find out more about the difference in these two things, as well as the factors that go into each of them.
13. Temperament: Definition & Theories
Some personality traits are with us from birth. In this lesson, we'll examine what temperament is, what it can tell us about how a person is likely to turn out, and look at Jerome Kagan and Mary Rothbart's theories about infant temperament.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Psychology (011): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTTC Psychology: History and Approaches
- MTTC Psychology: Overview of Contemporary Psychology
- MTTC Psychology: Introduction to Research Methods
- MTTC Psychology: Ethical Considerations in Research
- MTTC Psychology: Setting Up the Research Study
- MTTC Psychology: Psychological Testing
- MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches in Counseling
- MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development
- MTTC Psychology: Genetic Influences on Development
- MTTC Psychology: Prenatal and Infancy Development
- MTTC Psychology: Childhood Growth and Development
- MTTC Psychology: Adolescence Growth and Development
- MTTC Psychology: Adult Growth and Development
- MTTC Psychology: Sensory and Perceptual Development
- MTTC Psychology: Cognitive Development
- MTTC Psychology: Creativity and Intelligence Development
- MTTC Psychology: Language Development
- MTTC Psychology: Social Development
- MTTC Psychology: Social Relationship Development
- MTTC Psychology: Biological Bases of Behavior
- MTTC Psychology: Sensation and Perception
- MTTC Psychology: States of Consciousness
- MTTC Psychology: Learning
- MTTC Psychology: Cognition
- MTTC Psychology: Motivation and Emotion
- MTTC Psychology: Stress Management and Coping Mechanisms
- MTTC Psychology: Abnormal Psychology Basics
- MTTC Psychology: Psychological Disorders and Health
- MTTC Psychology: Mental Health Therapy
- MTTC Psychology: Mental Health Treatment
- MTTC Psychology: Study of Social Psychology
- MTTC Psychology: Group Decisions
- MTTC Psychology: Attitudes and Persuasion
- MTTC Psychology Flashcards