Ch 7: MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches in Counseling

About This Chapter

Review important theoretical approaches to counseling in preparation for questions on the MTTC Psychology Exam. The video lessons and self-assessment quizzes give you a variety of approaches to the material that can help you to become prepared for the test.

MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches in Counseling - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to refresh your recollection of the important theoretical approaches used in counseling as you prepare to take the MTTC Psychology Exam. The videos cover the following topics that you will need to be up on:

  • Counseling theory and models
  • Wellness vs. pathology approaches
  • Overview of the psychodynamic model
  • Psychoanalytic therapy
  • The theory of Alfred Adler
  • Transactional analysis
  • Existential therapy
  • Carl Roger's humanistic psychotherapy
  • Gestalt therapy
  • Theories of brief counseling

Our knowledgeable instructors show you the salient aspects of each theory and form of therapy to help you prepare for the MTTC Psychology Exam. Between our videos and our self-assessment quizzes, you will enjoy a variety of ways to learn the material, and you'll have fun doing it.

Objectives of the MTTC Reading: Theoretical Approaches in Counseling Chapter

The MTTC Psychology Exam assesses your knowledge and comprehension of the various theoretical approaches to counseling you need to know for the exam. Worth 21% of the exam score, the Foundation, Skills and Methods subarea includes questions related to this chapter's topics. The self-assessment quizzes available with each lesson not only evaluate your understanding of the material covered but introduce you to the types of questions you'll find on the actual exam. There are 100 multiple-choice questions on the test. A passing grade of 220 is needed to become certified as a teacher in the state of Michigan.

14 Lessons in Chapter 7: MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches in Counseling
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.

Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models

2. Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models

This lesson will discuss the differences in a wellness or pathological approach to mental health treatment. Can these approaches both be appropriate or are they always used separately?

Assessing the Psychodynamic Model: Strengths and Weaknesses

3. Assessing the Psychodynamic Model: Strengths and Weaknesses

When people think about psychology, many immediately think of Sigmund Freud. But, how good were his ideas? In this lesson, we'll look at the psychodynamic model of psychology and its strengths and weaknesses.

Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

4. Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

Psychoanalytic therapy has many techniques. This lesson will explore four of these techniques: free association, dream analysis, and the analysis of transference and resistance.

Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

5. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

Alfred Adler's psychoanalytic theory of individual psychology has had a large impact. This lesson will provide a brief overview, explain key concepts, and explore the therapeutic technique used by Adler.

Birth Order and the Inferiority Complex According to Adler

6. Birth Order and the Inferiority Complex According to Adler

Is it bad to feel inferior? What is an inferiority complex? What importance does birth order have? Learn more about how these concepts from Adlerian theory can impact a person.

Ego States and Types of Transactions in Transactional Analysis Theory

7. Ego States and Types of Transactions in Transactional Analysis Theory

What is a transaction? Are there different types of transactions? What role do ego states play? Find out the answers to these questions and more as you explore this lesson!

Transactional Analysis Theory: Strokes and the Stroke Economy

8. Transactional Analysis Theory: Strokes and the Stroke Economy

How do we measure the outcomes of our interactions? This lesson will explore the role of strokes in transactional analysis theory and explain the concept of the stroke economy.

Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

9. Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

Structural analysis, game analysis, and script analysis are all essential parts of transactional analysis therapy. This lesson will explore these concepts and why they are important.

Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques

10. Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques

Existential therapy is derived from philosophical roots. What is the meaning of life? Who am I? How does existential therapy work by attempting to answer these questions?

Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

11. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.

What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

12. What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

Learn the way counseling is viewed when considering Fritz Perls' idea of Gestalt. Explore the meaning of Gestalt and its impact on the therapeutic process as you watch this lesson.

Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

13. Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

Exercises and experiments are two techniques in Gestalt therapy that are used to increase a client's present awareness. Learn more about how these techniques work in this lesson.

Theories of Brief Counseling and Therapy: Goals & Techniques

14. Theories of Brief Counseling and Therapy: Goals & Techniques

Brief therapy provides a rapid approach to intervention for a specific problem. This lesson will introduce brief strategic therapy and solution-focused brief therapy as well as the overall counseling approach.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTTC Psychology (011): Practice & Study Guide course

Support