Ch 8: MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development

About This Chapter

This chapter lets you brush up on a number of theories behind human growth and development as you're getting ready for the MTTC Psychology test. Text and video resources are included to cover this prep material.

MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development - Chapter Summary

Go over key human development theories in this chapter, including the learning, psychoanalytic and cognitive development theories. The lessons include the following specific topics that are geared toward MTTC Psychology content:

  • The nature vs nurture debate
  • Erikson's stages of identity formation
  • How the theories of Erikson and Freud are different
  • Differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning
  • The assumptions of Piaget's theory of cognitive development
  • Bandura's social cognitive theory
  • Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory
  • Gottlieb's epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective

If you decide that you'd like to check out any portions of a video again, there are video tags available for you to easily do so. Double-check your grip on all the material you see in the chapter by taking each lesson's practice quiz.

MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development Chapter Objectives

The MTTC Psychology exam is designed to establish if the examinee has the needed knowledge to effectively teach students in Michigan. The questions on the test pertaining to human development make up close to 20% of your score across the test's 100 multiple-choice questions. The practice questions readily available to you in this chapter may look similar to questions you see on the exam.

11 Lessons in Chapter 8: MTTC Psychology: Theoretical Approaches to Human Growth and Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

1. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.

Human Growth and Development Theories

2. Human Growth and Development Theories

This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

4. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples

How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?

Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

5. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis

Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.

Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

6. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.

Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

7. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

8. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples

9. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples

Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.

Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning

10. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning

In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.

Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions

11. Gottlieb's Epigenetic Psychobiological Systems Perspective: Concepts & Definitions

Learn about the epigenetic psychobiological systems perspective and Gilbert Gottlieb's theory of probabilistic epigenesis. This theory will help you understand how development is dependent not only on your genes, but also neural activity, behavior and the environment.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTTC Psychology (011): Practice & Study Guide course

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