About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your review or other MCAT preparation work.
- Identify the muscle and skeletal systems concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our MCAT prep tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the muscle and skeletal systems and earn acceptable scores. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding skeletal muscle organization, types of joint movement or any other muscle and skeletal systems topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their MCAT preparation
- Prefer learning MCAT topics visually
- Find themselves struggling with the muscle and skeletal systems portion of the review
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in their MCAT preparation
- Don't have access to MCAT review materials
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning about the muscle and skeletal systems simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live MCAT prep tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Complete your muscle and skeletal systems review on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Review the major skeletal muscle functions.
- Differentiate among skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle tissue.
- Explore the organization of skeletal muscle.
- Learn how neuromuscular junctions function.
- Examine the function of the skeletal system.
- Learn about types of joint movement.
- Explore the major bones of the leg and foot.
- Find out about the bones of the pelvis, vertebral column and ribs.
- Study the bones of the shoulder, arm and hand.
- Review the bones of the skull and face.
- Examine the function of cartilage.
- Explore factors that affect the growth and development of bones.
1. Major Skeletal Muscle Functions
Did you know that skeletal muscle does more than just move our body parts? This lesson describes how skeletal muscles are used for movement, posture, swallowing, defecation, urination and homeostasis.
2. Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & Smooth
Have you ever wondered why muscle has different names such as striated, smooth, voluntary, or involuntary? This lesson describes the different types of muscle tissue based on their histology, mechanism of contraction, and regulation.
3. Skeletal Muscle Organization: Connective Tissue and Layers
Did you know that skeletal muscles are organized into tightly packed groups? This lesson identifies the connective tissue layers that organize skeletal muscle into fascicles, muscle fibers and myofibrils. Additionally, the microscopic structure of the sarcomere is described.
4. The Neuromuscular Junction: Function, Structure & Physiology
A neuromuscular junction is a synapse between a motor neuron and skeletal muscle. This lesson describes the events of synaptic transmission leading to contraction of skeletal muscle. Myasthenia gravis is described as a neuromuscular disease.
5. The Skeletal System: Function and Terms
You'll learn about the two major divisions of our skeleton, the axial and appendicular skeleton, in this video lesson. In addition, you will find out how bone is formed, thanks to tiny little cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and what the major parts of a long bone are.
6. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
7. Types of Joint Movement & Tissue Structure and Function
Find out how your joints are categorized. You'll learn about the synovial, cartilaginous, and fibrous joints as well as diarthrosis, synarthrosis, and amphiarthrosis.
8. Bones of the Leg and Foot: Names, Anatomy & Functions
Find out about the major bones which help you walk. We'll go over the femur, patella, fibula, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, and something called the trochanter.
9. Bones of the Pelvis: Definition and Function
In this lesson, you will learn about your hips and the important structures involved in their formation. The ilium, ischium, pubis, acetabulum, pelvic cavity, and sacrum will all be covered.
10. Bones of the Vertebral Column and Ribs: Definition and Function
Learn about the importance of your ribs, vertebrae, and sternum. If it wasn't for them, you wouldn't be alive. You'll also find out what strange sounding words like manubrium and xyphoid mean.
11. Bones of the Shoulder: Anatomy and Functions
Did you know that your shoulder joint is made up of many different parts? In this lesson, you'll learn about the clavicle, scapula, glenoid cavity, and acromion, as well as some of their more common names.
12. Bones of the Arm and Hand: Anatomy and Functions
The humerus isn't all that funny; it plays an important role in your body. Likewise, the radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals and phalanges are all important components of your arm, wrist and fingers.
13. Major Bones of the Skull: Names and Location
Your eyeballs, ear and brain all depend on skull bones to give them a place to live. These bones include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid and ethmoid bone. Review these bones and their purposes in this lesson.
14. Bones of the Face: Names, Function & Location
In this lesson, learn which bones help you cry, breathe, eat and see as we review the maxilla, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, vomer and palatine bones of the face. Then, learn which bones are paired.
15. What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function
Cartilage is a strong, flexible type of connective tissue found within a body. Learn more about its structure and function, as well as the different types of cartilage connective tissue we have in our bodies.
16. Bone Tissue: Functions and Types
In this lesson, we will explore bone as a connective tissue. We will discuss the anatomy of bone, as well as the cell types which make up bone, including how bone is formed and broken down.
17. Anatomy of a Bone: Parts, Marrow & Types
In this lesson, you'll learn how to classify bones by their shape. Additionally, you'll discover the structural makeup of bone and the different bone markings.
18. Bone Growth & Development Factors: Endochondral Ossification
In this lesson, you will learn about the two ways we form bones: intramembranous ossification and endochondral ossification. You'll also discover how our bones grow after we're born.
19. Ball & Socket Joint: Definition & Examples
What exactly are skeletal joints? How does your upper arm connect to your shoulder? This lesson answers these questions through an investigation into ball and socket joints.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MCAT Prep: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Enzymes and Metabolism for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- The Transcription and Translation Process for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Processes and Steps of DNA Replication for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Genetic Variation, Control & Reproduction
- Developmental Mechanisms for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Mendelian Concepts for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Genetic Variability & Mutation for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Analytic Methods in Genetics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Evolution & Natural Selection for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Development of Vertebrates for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Thermochemistry & Thermodynamics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Kinetics and Equilibrium for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Cell Structure, Functions & Processes
- Eukaryotes for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Prokaryotic Cells for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Fungi for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Virus Structure & Life Cycle for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Cell Biology & Cell Cycle for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Nerve, Muscle & Specialized Cell Types for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Hormones & Mechanisms of Hormone Action for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Structure, Function & Sensory Reception in the Nervous System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Circulatory System Overview for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Lymphatic System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Immune System - Innate and Adaptive Systems for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Digestive System Functions & Organs for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Urinary System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Respiratory System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Skin System for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Reproductive Sequence for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Translational Motion for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Force, Motion & Gravitation for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Equilibrium and Momentum for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Work and Energy for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Waves for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Principles of Fluids
- Gases for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electrostatics & Magnetism for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electronic Circuit Elements for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electrochemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Sound for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Light & Geometrical Optics for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Atomic Nucleus for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Electronic Structure for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- The Periodic Table for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Stoichiometric Calculations for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Acids and Bases Overview for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Solution Chemistry for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Chemical Bonding for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Phase Equilibria for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Basic Molecular Biology Lab Techniques for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Sensory Processes & Theories
- Human Senses
- Human Attention & Cognition
- States of Human Consciousness
- Characterizing Language Development
- Genetics, Evolution & Environmental Influences on Behavior
- Prenatal Development & Birth
- Principles of Motor Development, Learning & Control
- Development in the Adolescence Years
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Motivation Types and Sources
- Attitude Types and Theories
- Types of Social Groups & Organizations
- Theories of Deviance & Social Control
- Learning and Conditioning
- Understanding the Self
- Prejudice & Discrimination
- Social Behavior
- Social Structure
- Families, Religions & Schools as Social Institutions
- Political & Economic Systems
- Health and Medicine
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Population and Migration
- Sex and Gender Roles
- Social Status
- Principles & Procedures in Scientific Research
- Scientific Basics & Theories
- Analyzing Scientific Data for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution
- Verbal Reasoning for the MCAT: Tutoring Solution