About This Chapter
Musculoskeletal Conditions - Chapter Summary
From spinal cord anatomy to the names of specific conditions afflicting the spinal cord and nerves, this chapter covers many of the key elements of this topic. You will have the opportunity to review important terminology and examples of musculoskeletal conditions.
The lessons in this chapter discuss symptoms, causes and treatment of various conditions resulting from diseases or injuries. After you have completed your review of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Explain the structure and functions of the spinal cord
- Identify words used to describe conditions of the spinal cord
- Describe the effects of trauma to the spinal cord
- Relate details about spinal cord injuries and relevant terms used to describe them
- Discuss the names and functions of spinal nerves
- Define and provide examples of degenerative diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system
- Detail the signs, causes and treatment of spina bifida and cerebral palsy
It is easy to study, with the video and text lessons comprising this chapter offering 24-hour accessibility from any device and expert instructors who relate the material in simple terms. Watch or read the lessons as often as needed and even print lesson transcripts for quick reference purposes. Measure what you have learned in each lesson by taking self-assessment quizzes, which can help you determine the need for further review of any topics.
1. Anatomy of the Spinal Cord: Function & Explanation
The spinal cord partners up with the brain to send information around the body as electrical signals. It tells the body what the brain wants and the brain what the body is feeling. This lesson explains how its structure helps accomplish this.
2. Vocabulary of Spinal Cord Conditions
This lesson will define terminology associated with medical conditions that affect the spinal cord and nearby structures: myelitis, myelosis, poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, radiculitis, and cervical and lumbar radiculopathy.
3. The Mechanism of Spinal Cord Trauma
This lesson will go over the things that can traumatize your spinal cord, what spinal cord trauma may result in, and why that may occur. We'll also focus in on some of the specifics of spinal shock and autonomic dysreflexia.
4. Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries
This lesson goes over the basics of spinal cord injuries as well as paralysis-related terminology that may stem from a spinal cord injury. These terms include: paraplegia, hemiplegia, hemiparesis, and quadriplegia.
5. Spinal Nerves: Terminology
This lesson outlines the locations, names, and general functions of the spinal nerves related to the skin, muscles, joints, and internal organs as well as sensation.
6. What are Degenerative Diseases?
In this lesson we'll explain what degenerative diseases are. We'll then look at four examples: osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and muscular dystrophy.
7. Cerebral Palsy: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments
Cerebral palsy is a medical condition resulting from abnormal functioning or development of the brain. Read this lesson to learn about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for people with cerebral palsy.
8. Spina Bifida: Causes, Signs, and Treatment
We will examine a condition known as spina bifida. It's a condition that develops during pregnancy and has three major types. You'll learn what they are, how they can be diagnosed, and how they can be treated.
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