About This Chapter
Muses, Creatures & Winds in Greek Mythology - Chapter Summary
Quickly and easily review the creatures, muses and winds of Greek mythology with the lessons provided in this engaging chapter. Harpies, the Furies and Anemoi are all covered here, in addition to the symbol of Hecatonchires and the Lernaean hydra. You can go back and review these lessons as needed and take your time as you move through the chapter. Following each lesson, you'll find a short, multiple-choice quiz offered to make sure you understand what you've learned. After completing this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Describe the monster Geryon
- Identify the Aurae as they're depicted in Greek mythology
- Outline the lesser wind deities of Greece
- Define what a siren is and identify some of the famed Greek sirens
- Explain who the muse Terpisichore is
- Discuss the Greek muses of comedy and tragedy
- Detail the Greek muse of astronomy
- Outline Calliope's role in Greek mythology as the muse of epic poetry and eloquence
1. What is a Harpy in Greek Mythology? - Definition & Origin
In this lesson we will learn about Harpies in Greek mythology. We will explore their different portrayals, the theories of their origins, and their role in Greek mythology.
2. The Furies in Greek Mythology: Symbols, Names & Story
The Furies, or Erinyes, were the Greek goddesses of vengeance and justice. Hags with snakes in their hair, these goddesses brought justice to anyone who deserved it, particularly hated children who disrespected their parents.
3. Hecatoncheires: Greek Mythology & Symbol
The ancient Greeks had an explanation for every natural phenomenon in their world. In this lesson, we'll get to know the Hecatoncheires, and see what role they played in Greek mythology.
4. The Lernaean Hydra in Greek Mythology: Story & Powers
Few monsters in Greek mythology have been remembered as well as the hydra. In this lesson, we'll explore the original myths around this creature and see who was heroic enough to beat it.
5. The Monster Geryon in Greek Mythology
What is the role of a monster in Greek mythology? To challenge a hero, of course! In this lesson, we'll get to know Geryon, and see which Greek hero he faced off against.
6. Anemoi: Definition & Greek Mythology
Greek mythology was full of beings who personified powerful natural forces. In this lesson, we are going to meet the Anemoi and see what role the Greeks believed they had in the world around them.
7. The Aurae in Greek Mythology: Zephyrus, Boreas, Notus & Eurus
This lesson explores some of the lesser-known deities of ancient Greek mythology, the Aurae, who control the winds of each cardinal direction and a corresponding season. You'll learn about their parents, powers, and a few of their most interesting stories.
8. Lesser Wind Deities of Greece: Kaikias, Apeliotes, Skiron & Lips
In this lesson, we explore the lesser known wind deities of Greece: Kaikias, Apeliotes, Skiron, and Lips. Within, we learn what winds they rule, their temperaments, their effect on ancient Greek life, and how we gained this information from art.
9. What is a Siren in Greek Mythology? - Definition & Story
Greek mythology has a clear message when it comes to the sea: it's dangerous. In this lesson, we'll explore the myth of the Sirens and see how these creatures were responsible for the death of many hapless sailors.
10. Greek Sirens: Parthenope, Aglaope, Leucosia, Ligeia, Molpe, Peisinoe & Thelxiope
This lesson introduces one of the most famous, yet mysterious, creatures of Greek mythology, the Sirens. Within, you'll discover the variety of parentage, appearances, identities, and potential fates associated with them.
11. The Muse Terpsichore: Greek Mythology, Definition
There were nine muses, each of which was associated with a different one of the arts. In this lesson, we are going to get to know Terpsichore, and see what role she played in Greek mythology.
12. Greek Muses of Tragedy & Comedy: Melpomene & Thalia
This lesson sheds light on the Greek Muses of Tragedy and Comedy, known as Melpomene and Thalia. Within, you'll learn about the iconic masks of theater, the Muses, their depiction in art, and how they gained their realm of dominion.
13. Urania the Muse of Astronomy: Greek Mythology & Definition
The Muses were goddesses of the arts, but one of these is not quite like the others. In this lesson, we'll get to know Urania, Muse of astronomy, and see what role she played in Greek mythology.
14. Calliope in Greek Mythology: Muse of Eloquence & Epic Poetry
Ever wonder where our greatest speakers and musicians get their inspiration from? Look no further. In this lesson, we learn about Calliope - the Ancient Greek Muse of Eloquence and Epic Poetry.
15. Maenads: Definition & Mythology
Greek religion required cults to maintain the worship of different deities. In this lesson, we'll check out the Maenads and see how this very unique cult served the gods.
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Other chapters within the Ancient Greece Study Guide course
- Introduction to Ancient Greece
- Aegean Civilizations
- The Greek Dark Ages
- The Golden Age of Greece
- The Archaic Period in Greece
- Greek Classical Period
- The Hellenistic Period
- Ancient Greek Philosophy
- Art & Architecture of Ancient Greece
- Ancient Greek Literature
- Mythology in Ancient Greece
- The Greek Titans