About This Chapter
Music Notation - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our experienced and professional instructor will help you learn the components that make up the staff and clefs. You'll get familiar with the rule of accidentals and examine neutral clef, ledger lines, the natural sign and octave designation. You will also learn how to read and use flats and sharps and understand the various types of musical equivalents. You'll even study a little history and learn about ancient civilizations' systems for notating music before moving on to reading space and line notes. By the time you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Read notes on bass clef and treble clef
- Identify characteristics of the grand staff
- Explain the use of notation symbols
- Identify stems, double bars, note heads, flags, bar lines and measures
- Understand how the neutral clef is used for rhythm
- Apply sharps and flats to notes
- Discuss enharmonic notes
- Explain frequency, chromatic and intervallic equivalents
The lessons on music notation provided include easy-to-follow video presentations and self-assessment quizzes. After you watch these engaging video lessons, you can test your knowledge with the quizzes. If you missed something, you can then revisit the main points using the video tags that allow you to quickly access the information you need in the videos. Key terms and concepts that you'll want to remember are often linked to text lessons that provide additional details.
1. How to Read Notes on the Treble Clef Staff
How do musicians interpret notes on the treble clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the treble clef staff? Who invented the notation system? Find out in this lesson!
2. How to Read Notes of the Bass Clef Staff
How do musicians interpret notes on the bass clef staff? What types of instruments play notes that are read in the bass clef staff? How is the bass clef staff different from the treble clef staff? Find out in this lesson!
3. Sharps and Flats: Reading and Identifying Sharp and Flat Notes in Music
What do sharp and flat notes look like? How are they different from regular notes? When and where are sharp and flat notes used? Find out in this lesson!
4. Music Notation: History & Theory
This lesson will introduce you to the Western music notation system, which is used to write down music in countless different styles. Learn about how the system conveys pitch, rhythm, and other core musical concepts.
5. Musical Notation Symbols: Note Head, Stem & Flag
This lesson will introduce you to the musical note and its parts: the note head, stem, and flag. Learn how these little dots give musicians information about pitch and rhythm, then take a quiz to test your knowledge.
6. Grand Staff in Music: Symbols & Notation
Do you have trouble with treble? You don't have to! This lesson will teach you all about music's Grand Staff and the clefs it uses, as well as explain the use of notes, rests, ledger lines, and time signatures.
7. Understanding Lines in Musical Notation
Lines are everywhere in the music notation system. This lesson will show you the different types of lines you might encounter - barlines, grouping lines, and ledger lines. Take a quiz when you're ready.
8. Interpreting Articulation, Dynamic & Expression Symbols
In this lesson, you'll learn about the symbols beyond the notes in sheet music: dynamics, articulations, and character markings which help the performers bring life to the music. You'll also take a quiz when you're done.
9. How to Determine Major Key Signatures in Music
What is a key signature? How can you tell the key of a song by just looking at it? Are there flats and sharps in all songs? What are some common key signatures in the Major tonality? Find out in this lesson!
10. How to Determine Minor Key Signatures in Music
Key signatures are useful in playing and understanding music, but how do you know if the key signature is for a Major or a minor key? Find out in this lesson!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the ILTS Music (143): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Introduction to Musical Elements
- Meter & Rhythm
- Elements of Melody
- Elements of Harmony in Music
- Elements of Chord Progression
- Nonharmonic Tones
- Musical Forms
- Techniques for Composing Music
- Techniques for Performing & Rehearsing Music
- Opera and Orchestral Music
- Medieval Music
- Music of the Renaissance
- The Baroque Period in Music
- The Classical Period in Music
- The Romantic Period in Music
- Modern Era Music
- Jazz Music
- Musical Theater and Popular Music
- Music of the United States
- Music of the World
- Technology in Music
- Music Teaching Strategies
- Principles of Music Education
- ILTS Music Flashcards