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Ch 11: Mythology in Ancient Greece

About This Chapter

This Mythology in Ancient Greece chapter can boost your knowledge of artifacts, gods, goddesses and more in Greek mythology. Review entertaining lessons and take short quizzes to improve your understanding of this subject as you study for an exam or work on a class assignment.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering mythology in Ancient Greece material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the mythological figures and artifacts of Ancient Greece. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing details about the Athena, Gaia, Adonis, the family tree of Zeus and more
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Complete each lesson in the chapter to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the lesson to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Mythology in Ancient Greece chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Mythology in Ancient Greece chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any history question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about mythology in Ancient Greece for a standard history course. Topics covered include:

  • Story summary of Pandora's box
  • Hades and Apollo epithets
  • Greek goddess Athena and Greek god Zeus
  • Gorgons, Stheno, Euryale, Phorcys and Ceto in Greek mythology
  • Pontus, Gaia, Kronos the Titan and Tethys in Greek mythology
  • Mythology and stories of Oceanus
  • Zeus etymology, meaning and family tree
  • Epithets, attributes and cult of Artemis
  • Persephone, Sisyphus and Narcissus in Greek mythology
  • Eleusinian Mysteries in Ancient Greece
  • Stories of Tantalus and Adonis
  • Mythology of centaurs

36 Lessons in Chapter 11: Mythology in Ancient Greece
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Pandora's Box: Myth & Story Summary

1. Pandora's Box: Myth & Story Summary

Don't open Pandora's Box! It's an unforgettable warning not to stick your nose where it doesn't belong. In this lesson, explore the derivation of this phrase, as told in the Greek myth. Learn about the story and details that have been added in modern times.

Hades Epithets: Agesander & Agesilaos

2. Hades Epithets: Agesander & Agesilaos

Many Greek gods had epithets, however, the' epithets of the Greek god Hades were unique. In this lesson, we'll check out two of Hades' common epithets, and see how and why the Greeks used these names.

Apollo Epithets: Greco-Roman, Celtic & Cult

3. Apollo Epithets: Greco-Roman, Celtic & Cult

This lesson will focus on the many epithets and titles associated with the Greek/Roman god, Apollo. Some of these titles reflect certain cults associated to him, and these will be explored as well.

Greek Goddess Athena: Epithets & Attributes

4. Greek Goddess Athena: Epithets & Attributes

All Greek deities had epithets, but few had as many as Athena. In this lesson, we'll get to know the goddess and consider her diverse roles in Greek society.

Greek God Zeus: Epithets & Roles

5. Greek God Zeus: Epithets & Roles

Zeus was the most powerful figure in ancient Greek mythology, the father of all Greek gods and purveyor of justice. Learn about the many attributes of this awe-inspiring god within this lesson.

What are Gorgons in Greek Mythology?

6. What are Gorgons in Greek Mythology?

Greek mythology was full of monsters, but few were as deadly as the Gorgons. In this lesson, we'll check out these creatures and see what role they played in Greek myths.

Stheno & Euryale in Greek Mythology

7. Stheno & Euryale in Greek Mythology

Greek mythology is full of terrifying monsters, and amongst these were Stheno and Euryale. In this lesson, we'll check out their origins and see how they played into Greek mythology and culture.

Phorcys & Ceto in Greek Mythology

8. Phorcys & Ceto in Greek Mythology

Greek mythology is full of monsters, but where did they come from? In this lesson, we are going to explore the myths of Phorcys and Ceto and see how they were connected to the monsters of the Greek world.

Pontus in Greek Mythology: Facts & Family Tree

9. Pontus in Greek Mythology: Facts & Family Tree

You may have heard of the Old Man of the Sea in Greek mythology. But did you know that Old Man also had an old man? His father is Pontus, the Greek god of the sea. In this lesson, you will learn more about this deity and his family.

Gaia in Greek Mythology: Stories & Facts

10. Gaia in Greek Mythology: Stories & Facts

Gaia was one of the most important figures in Greek mythology, but who was she? In this lesson, we'll examine Gaia's role in Greek mythology and see how she relates to other divine beings.

Kronos the Titan in Greek Mythology

11. Kronos the Titan in Greek Mythology

The Titans held an interesting, and often misunderstood, place in Greek mythology. In this lesson, we'll talk about Kronos and see what role he played in the mythological foundations of Greek civilization.

Oceanus the Titan Sea God: Mythology & Stories

12. Oceanus the Titan Sea God: Mythology & Stories

When thinking about sea gods in Greek mythology, perhaps the one that comes to mind immediately is Poseidon. But did you know there was a Greek god that ruled before him? In this lesson, you will learn about Oceanus, the Greek god of fresh water.

The Goddess Tethys in Greek Mythology

13. The Goddess Tethys in Greek Mythology

Tethys is said to have been larger than the mountains, highly attractive, and a nurturer to many in the mythological world. In this lesson, you will learn more about this Titan goddess and the part she played in ancient mythology.

The Family Tree of the Greek God Zeus

14. The Family Tree of the Greek God Zeus

Zeus may have been king of the Greek gods, but he certainly was not a god of fidelity. In this lesson, we'll look at Zeus' extensive family tree and see how his philandering played into it.

Greek God Zeus: Etymology & Meaning

15. Greek God Zeus: Etymology & Meaning

Most people have heard of the Greek god Zeus, but have you ever stopped to consider what his name means? In this lesson, we'll explore this question and see how the etymology of the name can tell us something about his history.

Artemis of the Ephesians

16. Artemis of the Ephesians

The goddess Artemis was portrayed in both Greek and Roman mythology, but in the Asia Minor city of Ephesus, she took on a slightly different persona. In this lesson, you will learn how the goddess Artemis of the Ephesians was distinct from the Artemis of classical mythology.

Greek Goddess Artemis: Epithets & Attributes

17. Greek Goddess Artemis: Epithets & Attributes

Artemis was the Greek Goddess of the hunt, wilderness, and animals. She was also the goddess of the life cycle, watching over childbirth, girl children, and sudden death and disease.

The Cult of Artemis at Brauron: History & Practices

18. The Cult of Artemis at Brauron: History & Practices

The Greek society worshiped several different deities. Artemis, the twin sister of Apollo, was the goddess of the forests and hills, womanhood, and fertility; she had many followers, but this lesson focuses on the Cult at Brauron, its practices, and its unique history.

Who was Persephone in Greek Mythology?

19. Who was Persephone in Greek Mythology?

Today, Persephone is not one of the best known figures of Greek mythology, but every person in ancient Greece would know that name. In this lesson, we will look at the legend of Persephone and see what role she played in Greek mythology.

What Were the Eleusinian Mysteries?

20. What Were the Eleusinian Mysteries?

Explore the fascinating yet often unknown ritual of the Eleusinian Mysteries. This is an introduction to the ritual and the myth surrounding this celebration of rebirth.

Who was Sisyphus in Greek Mythology?

21. Who was Sisyphus in Greek Mythology?

Greek mythology is full of characters who do the right thing and are rewarded by the gods. Sisyphus isn't one of them. In this lesson, we'll explore the myth of Sisyphus and examine the Greek version of a punishment fitting the crime.

Who was Tantalus in Greek Mythology? - Story & Punishment

22. Who was Tantalus in Greek Mythology? - Story & Punishment

Greek mythology is full of characters who met the wrath of the gods, but few had experiences as extreme as Tantalus. In this lesson, we'll look at Tantalus' famous punishment and see what he did to earn it.

Who is Adonis in Greek Mythology? - Story & Facts

23. Who is Adonis in Greek Mythology? - Story & Facts

The tragic love story of Adonis is one of the most popular tales of ancient mythology. In this lesson, you will discover who Adonis was and the significance he had on ancient civilizations.

What is a Centaur? - Definition & Mythology

24. What is a Centaur? - Definition & Mythology

Few mythological creatures have captured our attention for as long as centaurs. In this lesson, we'll explore the legends surrounding the centaurs, and see where in the world they came from.

Who was Narcissus in Greek Mythology?

25. Who was Narcissus in Greek Mythology?

Narcissus was one of the many tragic figures of Greek mythology. In this lesson, we'll see what led him to this fate, and see how he became the ultimate symbol of unrequited love.

The Griffin in Greek Mythology: Creature, Story & Meaning

26. The Griffin in Greek Mythology: Creature, Story & Meaning

Griffins, animals that are half-eagle, half-lion, represented wisdom, strength, and cunning in Greek mythology. They were also believed to hoard and protect gold, according to stories from the Silk Road and myths about the Arimaspians.

Who is Horkos in Greek Mythology?

27. Who is Horkos in Greek Mythology?

Greek mythology has gods and monsters, as well as some beings who are even stranger. In this lesson, we'll get to know Horkos and see what role he played in Greek cosmology.

Scylla in Greek Mythology: Facts, Story & Family Tree

28. Scylla in Greek Mythology: Facts, Story & Family Tree

In this lesson, we will discover the character from Homer's Odyssey, Scylla. A horrible sea monster, Scylla devoured six of Odysseus' men while he tried to cross a particularly tricky strait.

Megara in Greek Mythology: History, Facts & Quotes

29. Megara in Greek Mythology: History, Facts & Quotes

There are many tragic figures in Greek mythology, but Megara's story is somewhat unique. In this lesson, we'll explore her role in Greek mythology and see what she represented.

King Midas: Story, Facts & Death

30. King Midas: Story, Facts & Death

The story of King Midas is one of the most famous pieces of Greek mythology. In this lesson, you will learn about the king's golden touch and how his wish for riches turned out to be a disaster.

River Styx in Greek Mythology: Definition & Story

31. River Styx in Greek Mythology: Definition & Story

This lesson explores the story of the River Styx, as told in Greek myths and ancient literature. We will learn about the many versions of the underworld myth, and the gods and demons who live there.

What is the Rod of Asclepius? - Meaning & History

32. What is the Rod of Asclepius? - Meaning & History

In this lesson we will explore the myth and history behind the Rod of Asclepius, its confusion with the caduceus and the meaning of the Rod in modern times.

Hermaphroditus: Story & Facts

33. Hermaphroditus: Story & Facts

In this lesson, we will take a look at the Roman and Greek god Hermaphroditus, and how he became the god of hermaphrodites and a symbol of the marital union between a man and woman.

Nemean Lion in Greek Mythology: Story & Facts

34. Nemean Lion in Greek Mythology: Story & Facts

Could you imagine winning a fight with a lion by putting it in a chokehold? That is exactly what the Greek hero Hercules did. In this lesson, we will look at the events that led up to his dramatic showdown with the Nemean Lion.

Castor & Pollux in Greek Mythology: Story, Mother & Constellation

35. Castor & Pollux in Greek Mythology: Story, Mother & Constellation

Castor and Pollux were two of the children of Leda. One was the son of Zeus and a demigod; the other was mortal. They had many adventures before one died. To stay together, they were transformed into the constellation Gemini, or 'the twins.'

King Pelias in Greek Mythology: Story & Death

36. King Pelias in Greek Mythology: Story & Death

This lesson discusses the Greek myth of King Pelias, from his birth to his death. King Pelias is a key figure from the more famous myth of Jason and the Argonauts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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