About This Chapter
Nationalist Revolutions Across the World - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Nationalism has long been an agent for change around the world. Through this series of video lessons, you'll gain a broad understanding of how nationalist movements are sparked, how they catch on, and the sociopolitical changes they can influence. In some cases, nationalism can unify a disparate group of people willingly, while in other cases, as you'll see, nationalism can be used as a tool by those in power to facilitate the consolidation of power. The ways in which nationalist revolutions have been carried out can signify changing regional and internal power dynamics. Beyond military build-ups and campaigns, you'll also learn how nationalism is reflected in other areas of daily life, from books to music. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- How selected countries underwent unification through nationalism
- The ways in which arts and culture reflected nationalist sentiments
- Key philosophical movements that laid the foundations for nationalism
- Broad overviews of nationalist revolutions and their results by geographic region
|Liberalism, Radicalism, and Republicanism in the 1800s||Compare and contrast three key political movements of the 19th century.|
|Socialism: Definition & Leaders||Explain what socialism is and identify its key proponents.|
|Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto||Discuss the work and influence of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.|
|Independence Movements in Latin America: Examples & Impact||Identify independence movements in Latin America, and describe the results of these efforts.|
|European Revolutions and Revolts from 1815-1832||List European nations that saw nationalist movements in the early 19th century.|
|Congress of Vienna: Members, Objectives & Results||Explain what happened at the Congress of Vienna and the after-effects.|
|The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events||Understand the roots of the French Revolution, along with key people, places, and actions.|
|Central European Revolutions of 1848: History, Causes & Effects||Describe what brought about the Central European revolutions of 1848.|
|The Crimean War: Summary, Causes & Effects||Discuss the characteristics of the Crimean War.|
|The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders||Explain how Italy became a unified nation.|
|The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events||Detail the process by which Germany became a unified nation.|
|Creation of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary: History, Lesson & Quiz||Understand how the dual-monarchy of Austria-Hungary came to be and why.|
|Reforms in Russia Under Tsar Alexander II: Examples & Impact||List Russian reforms, and state the results of each.|
|19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art||Outline how nationalism was reflected in 19th century culture.|
|The Literary Realism Movement: A Response to Romanticism||Discuss how literary realism evolved as an answer to romanticism.|
|North America: the American Civil War and Dominion of Canada||Describe the American Civil War and Canada's inclusion and role in the British Empire.|
|Africa: Nationalism, Modernization & Conflict (1884-2014)||Outline nationalist movements in Africa within the context of modernization, colonialism, and conflict.|
|The Middle East: Nationalism, Modernization & Conflict (1836-2014)||Explain the role of nationalism in modernization and conflict in the Middle East.|
|Militarization and Nationalism in Japan in the 1920s-1930s||Describe how sociopolitical events influenced nationalist movements and militarization.|
1. Liberalism, Radicalism, and Republicanism in the 1800s
This lesson will define and explain the political ideologies of the 19th century, specifically radicalism, republicanism, and liberalism. In doing so, it will highlight their beliefs in the right to vote, freedom from religion, separation of church from state, and laissez-faire economics.
2. Socialism: Definition & Leaders
This lesson defines and explains the 19th century political ideology socialism. In doing this, it will highlight the roles of the Industrial Revolution and the socialist experiments of Robert Owen and Charles Fourier.
3. Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto
This lesson will explore the 19th century roots of Marxism and communism. In doing this, it will explain the role the Industrial Revolution played in forming the famous work of Marx and Engels, known as the Communist Manifesto.
4. Independence Movements in Latin America: Examples & Impact
This lesson will explore the 19th century Latin American revolutions. In doing so, it will highlight the roles L'Ouverture, Hidalgo, and Bolivar played in bringing freedom to Haiti, Mexico, and South America.
5. European Revolutions and Revolts from 1815-1832
This lesson will explain the European revolutions occurring in the first half of the 19th century. It will discuss the common classes' response to the Congress of Vienna, the Concert of Europe, and the old aristocracies' grasping for power.
6. Congress of Vienna: Members, Objectives & Results
In this lesson, we will study the Congress of Vienna, which established a balance of power in Europe after Napoleon's defeat. We will meet the Congress' members, examine its objectives, and take a look at its results.
7. The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events
This lesson will explore the French Revolution of 1848 that led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte III. It will highlight the revolution of the bourgeoisie while also explaining the conflict of the middle classes known as June Days.
8. Central European Revolutions of 1848: History, Causes & Effects
This lesson explores the Central European revolutions of 1848. In doing so, it will highlight the nationalist movements across Germany, Austria, and Italy. It will also signify the revolution in France as the catalyst for this historic year.
9. The Crimean War: Summary, Causes & Effects
In this lesson, we explore the Crimean War of 1854-1856 between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, France, and Great Britain. It is often considered one of the more bungled military campaigns in recent Western history.
10. The Unification of Italy: Summary, Timeline & Leaders
In this lesson, we explore the piecemeal unification of Italy which took place in the 19th century. Created in part by the brilliant statesmen Camillo Benso di Cavour, Italy as we know it did not fully take shape until 1870.
11. The Unification of Germany: Summary, Timeline & Events
In this lesson, we explore the unification of Germany in the 1860s and 1870s, largely accomplished through the statecraft of the Chancellor of Prussia and later Germany, Otto von Bismarck.
12. Creation of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary: History & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the 19th-century compromise between the Austrian monarchy and the ruling Magyar families of Hungary that created the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
13. Reforms in Russia Under Tsar Alexander II: Examples & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the reforms of Tsar Alexander II in 19th-century Russia. Alexander freed the Russian serfs and accelerated the industrialization of Russia before his 1881 assassination.
14. 19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art
In this lesson, we explore the arts and popular culture of the 19th century, from the Romanticist trends in Western literature to the growing concert halls and changes in the art world.
15. The Literary Realism Movement: A Response to Romanticism
In this lesson, we will learn about Realism in American literature, how this new literary movement grew out of Romanticism and what circumstances in our changing nation made that literary shift possible.
16. North America: the American Civil War and Dominion of Canada
In this lesson, we explore the American Civil War's effects on European geopolitics and the remotely connected creation of the Dominion of Canada only a few years after the war's close.
17. Africa: Nationalism, Modernization & Conflict (1884-2014)
Since Europeans began actively colonizing Africa in the late 19th century, the mark of their influence has been left on the Continent. This lesson looks at the journey of Africa to modernization, but also some of the bloodiest conflicts in Africa's history.
18. The Middle East: Nationalism, Modernization & Conflict (1836-2014)
Few regions have experienced such an intertwined relationship with the West as the Middle East, which has also had a bumpy road to modernization. This lesson looks at how the Middle East became increasingly nationalistic, often due to Western actions.
19. Militarization and Nationalism in Japan in the 1920s-1930s
Within 13 years, Japan went from a founder of the League of Nations to being the very sort of state that the League was founded to stop. This lesson explores that radical transformation.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Latin America after 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns