About This Chapter
Natural & Moral Law Theories - Chapter Summary
This self-paced philosophy chapter provides high-level analyses of natural and moral law theories. Through a series of short video lessons, you'll examine moral and natural theories from significant thinkers, including Hobbes, Epictetus, Kant, the Stoics, Paine and more. The chapter is entirely self-paced, and you can use any Internet-connected device to study. If you have any questions about these philosophical concepts, you can submit them online to our instructors. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain several natural law theories
- Summarize Hobbes' descriptive natural law
- Evaluate the moral law theories of Epictetus, Kant, Locke, Royce, King, Rawls, Nozick, Foot, Rousseau and the Stoics
- Discuss Thomas Paine's Common Sense and The American Crisis
1. Understanding Theories of Natural Law
Some philosophical guidelines are created by humans, and everyone knows it. But others are seen as existing beyond us. Explore the basic concepts of natural law, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Thomas Hobbes' The Descriptive Natural Law
In this lesson, you'll consider whether there is a universal moral code that applies to all human beings, throughout time. You'll learn about natural law and how this concept varied between different thinkers.
3. Moral Law Theories of Epictetus, Kant & Locke
Morality is a tricky subject and has been debated for a long time. In this lesson, explore the moral law theories of Epictetus, Kant, and Locke, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Moral Law Theories of the Stoics, Foot, Rousseau & Nozick
In this lesson, explore four different systems of moral law and discover their histories and how they relate to each other. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Moral Law Theories of Royce, King & Rawls
In this lesson, get to know the American philosophers Royce, King, and Rawls, and discover how they defined morality. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. Thomas Paine: Common Sense and The Crisis
Thomas Paine was an influential writer during the American Revolution. In this lesson, we'll explore the content and style of two of his most famous pamphlets and how they helped shape American history.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 102: Ethics in America course
- Introduction to the Study of Morality
- Moral Belief Systems Overview
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics & Philosophy
- Morality in Western Religion
- Consequentialist vs. Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Ethical Issues in Life & Death
- Economic Inequality & Morality
- Philosophical Theories Behind the Justice System
- Moral & Ethical Issues in Peacetime vs. War
- Human Rights Ethics & Morals
- Ethical Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Bioethics Impact on Medicine & Morality
- Ethics & Morality in Business
- The Environment & Ethics