About This Chapter
Nature of Culture & Language - Chapter Summary
Work through his chapter at your own pace to study the nature of language and culture. Inside, you'll find a series of lessons that define culture and discuss several sociological concepts, including, cultural universals, assimilation, socialization and cultural relativism. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the definitive elements of culture
- Explain how language affects meaning and reflects culture
- Define the concepts of cultural relativism and cultural universals in sociology
- Differentiate between assimilation and acculturation
- Understand how education is affected by culture, culture shock and socialization
When you're finished with a lesson, you can reinforce your understanding of the information by taking the accompanying self-assessment quiz. The chapter also includes printable transcripts, a multiple-choice exam and a useful Ask the Expert feature. The chapter is available 24/7, so it's a good idea to study these culture and language concepts whenever you have free time.
1. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture
Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.
2. How Language Reflects Culture & Affects Meaning
Culture affects language, giving rise to words, influencing their use, and providing context. Language, in turn, supports culture, promoting social bonds and allowing for shared information. In this lesson, we explore the relationship between language and culture.
3. Cultural Relativism in Sociology: Definition, Argument & Examples
In Bolivia, 14-year-old girls can legally get married. In China, men have to wait until they're 22. Why is there such a variance in what's acceptable and what's not? Cultural relativism explains why one society shouldn't try to impose its own beliefs onto another.
4. Cultural Universals in Sociology: Definition & Examples
Learn how different actions and choices between two cultures can actually be accomplishing a similar goal under the surface. Learn about the universal constants that have guided human behavior and culture throughout history in this lesson.
5. Acculturation vs. Assimilation: Definition & Examples
Assimilation and acculturation are both used to describe what happens when two cultures come in contact for extended periods of time. This lesson explains the difference with between these closely related terms and also gives examples.
6. The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education
In this lesson we will explore the effect of culture on the socialization of children. We will also seek to understand the impact that culture has on their educational experiences.
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Other chapters within the WEST-E English Language Learners (051): Study Guide & Practice course
- Applied Linguistics for ELL
- Language Acquisition for ELL
- Promoting Language Acquisition
- Literacy Development Overview
- Factors Impacting Second Language Development
- How Cultural Differences Impact Students
- Promoting Multicultural Sensitivity & Diversity in the Classroom
- Research-Based Practices for Teaching ELL
- Teaching Speaking & Listening Skills
- Basics of Teaching Writing Skills for ELL
- Promoting Content-Area Knowledge for ELL
- Using Assessments for ELL Students
- Assessment Planning for ELL Students
- Conducting & Interpreting ELL Assessments
- ESOL Legislation & Policy
- Collaboration & Advocacy for ELL
- Professional Development Organizations & Resources for ESOL Teachers
- WEST-E English Language Learners (051) Flashcards