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Ch 50: NES: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction

About This Chapter

Look at these video and text lessons to review the various aspects, perspectives and theories of culture. Go over the roles played by important social institutions in the socialization process. These and other topics in this chapter will help you prepare for the NES: Middle Grades Social Science exam.

NES: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our professional instructors will help you review the concepts of culture and how individuals acquire it through the processes of socialization and social interaction. After these lessons you should have a better understanding of:

  • Material versus nonmaterial culture
  • Differentiating among cultures
  • Subsets and perceptions of culture
  • Theoretical approaches to studying culture
  • Socialization: agents and importance
  • Status and Social Interaction Theory
  • Social roles
  • Presentation of self

The lessons are accompanied by quizzes you can take to pinpoint areas you haven't yet mastered. Afterwards, use the video tags to return to the specific points in the lesson you need to work on. Once you feel confident take the practice exam at the end of the chapter.

NES: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction Objectives

Some states use the NES: Middle Grades Social Science exam to assess potential social science teachers for the purposes of licensure. The test iscomputer-based and contains 150 multiple-choice questions. It is administered in a single three-hour session. Of the material covered by this exam, 19% belongs to the Geography and Culture content domain, including this chapter on culture and socialization.

10 Lessons in Chapter 50: NES: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

1. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.

Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

2. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

3. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.

Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

4. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.

Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

5. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.

Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

6. Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

Interestingly, socialization seems to be the process that makes us act human. Here, we define socialization and discuss its importance to human development. We also contrast it to social isolation and discuss several case studies regarding what happens when humans don't or can't socialize.

Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

7. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.

Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

8. Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

In this lesson, we discuss social interaction theory, putting particular emphasis on the concept of social statuses. We identify and define several types of statuses, including ascribed, achieved, and master status.

Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

9. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.

Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

10. Presentation of Self: Methods to Presenting The Self

All of us like to present ourselves to others as someone who is likable and successful. In this lesson, we discuss the concept of dramaturgical analysis as proposed by Erving Goffman. We also talk about the practice of idealization and how nonverbal communication can sometimes sabotage our presentation efforts.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the NES Middle Grades Social Science (202): Practice & Study Guide course

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