Ch 5: NES: Development of Europe

About This Chapter

As you review for the NES Middle Grades Social Science exam, these lessons will help you improve your understanding of ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, the rise of the Catholic Church, the crusades, Little Ice Age, Black Death and the Hundred Years' War.

NES: Development of Europe - Chapter Summary

Follow along with these lessons to prepare for exam questions on the National Evaluation Series (NES) Middle Grades Social Science exam about the development of European society between the time of the Greek city states to the Hundred Years' War between England and France. Watch our professional instructors in this series of lesson videos to study the:

  • Greek city-states, government and the history of Sparta
  • Athenian democracy, and the Athenian Golden Age
  • Formation, offices, institutions and history of the Roman republic
  • The end of the Roman republic and the fall of Rome
  • Time line, causes and effects of the Great Crusades
  • Little Ice Age
  • The Hundred Years' War

After you've watched these lesson videos, look through the transcripts. Be sure to take the lesson quizzes to find topics you don't understand and then use the video tags to review the above topics.

NES: Development of Europe Objectives

The objective of the NES Middle Grades Social Science exam is to ensure that future middle grades social science teachers understand the material they will be tasked with teaching. For this computer-based test you will be asked to demonstrate your knowledge of the social sciences by completing a series of 150 multiple-choice questions in a 180-minute testing session. Of these questions, 50% will belong to the content domain of History and will include some questions about the major accomplishments of the Greeks and Romans, as well as medieval Europe.

14 Lessons in Chapter 5: NES: Development of Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Greek City-States and Governments

1. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

History of Sparta

2. History of Sparta

In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

4. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

5. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

6. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

7. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Fall of Rome

8. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

The Role of the Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

9. The Role of the Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

More than any other force, the medieval Church held Europe together. This lesson details some of the ways that the Church was able to not only maintain control but also to expand its finances and its artistic endeavors.

The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

10. The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

This lesson covers the motivations of Pope Urban II in calling for the crusade at Clermont and at the religious and secular motivations of European laymen. We will also look at the startling success of the first crusade.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

11. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

Results and Impact of the Crusades

12. Results and Impact of the Crusades

This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.

The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

13. The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

Fourteenth century Europe experienced a devastating population decline due to a climate cooling, famine, and the plague. This lesson explores how these factors occurred and their impact on Europe.

The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

14. The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between 1337 and 1453. This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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