About This Chapter
NES: Early Civilizations - Chapter Summary
This chapter will help you review everything you'll need to know about early human civilizations for the NES Middle Grades Social Science exam. You'll cover ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, China and much more! Lesson topics in this chapter include the following:
- Causes and implications of the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
- Mesopotamia's four major empires
- Bronze Age Egypt
- Egypt's Queen Hatshepsut and Ramses the Great
- Kush civilization
- Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires
- Persian and Maurya Empires
- Early Chinese civilization
- Mesoamerican civilations
- Ghana Empire
Brush up on these important early civilizations with lessons lasting about five to ten minutes apiece. Follow along with the written transcripts or use them to review lesson topics. Assess what you know and what you need to work on with lesson quizzes and the chapter exam.
NES: Early Civilizations - Chapter Objectives
The NES Middle Grades Social Science exam is part of the certification requirements for prospective social science teachers in certain states. This chapter is designed to prepare you for questions on early civilizations in Eurasia, Africa and the Americas in the History portion of the exam, which is worth about half of the total score. The entire test consists of 150 multiple-choice questions on history, geography, culture, government and economics. Get an idea of the types of questions you'll need to answer with the practice quizzes included in this chapter.
1. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications
A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?
2. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization
In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.
3. The Four Empires of Mesopotamia
Whereas a number of dynasties ruled Egypt, it was often completely different cultures to rule Mesopotamia. This lesson looks at four of those cultures that were able to build empires.
4. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
5. Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses the Great of Egypt
While the pharaohs of Egypt may have ruled the land along the Nile for thousands of years throughout many dynasties, two names deserve special recognition as perhaps the greatest rulers. Learn more about Ramses the Great and Hatshepsut.
6. What Is the Kush Civilization?
While they may not get all the attention of other Egyptian neighbors, such as the Persians or Hittites, the Kush were a major factor in many of Egypt's decisions, both regarding trade and warfare. Learn about the Kush in this lesson.
7. The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires
With the arrival of iron, the political landscape of Mesopotamia would change forever. Learn how a metal changed the course of history for the Neo-Assyrians and the Neo-Babylonians in this lesson.
8. History of the Persian Empire
The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.
9. The Growth of the Maurya Empire
Almost immediately following the collapse of Alexander the Great's empire, the Mauryan Empire stretched from the limits of Alexander's frontiers well into the southernmost parts of India. Learn more about the Mauryan Empire in this lesson.
10. Early Chinese Civilization in the Huang-He River Valley
Although Chinese civilization developed along rivers much like cultures in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the idea of royal power took a completely different direction. Learn how the Mandate of Heaven ruled all in Ancient China.
11. The Rise of the Maya Civilization
In this lesson, you will explore the origins of the great Maya civilization that developed in Central America. Then, you will be able to test your understanding with a brief quiz.
12. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes
This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.
13. The Ghana Empire in Africa (830-1235 CE)
This lesson explores the Ghana Empire of West Africa. In doing so, it highlights the gold and salt trade of the region, which made the empire wealthy. It also discusses the importance of iron smelting and taxation.
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Other chapters within the NES Middle Grades Social Science (202): Practice & Study Guide course
- NES: Historical Research & Writing
- NES: Major Religions
- NES: Byzantine Empire & Islamic Civilization
- NES: Development of Europe
- NES: The Renaissance
- NES: Reformation in Europe
- NES: Aztec & Inca Civilizations
- NES: The Age of Exploration
- NES: The Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment
- NES: Industrialization
- NES: Causes & Effects of Revolutions
- NES: Political Developments in Europe & Asia
- NES: Imperialism in the 19th & 20th Centuries
- NES: World War I
- NES: Between the World Wars
- NES: World War II
- NES: Western Civilization Since 1945
- NES: First Contacts in the Americas
- NES: Settling North America
- NES: Road to the American Revolution
- NES: The American Revolution
- NES: The Making of a New Nation
- NES: The Virginia Dynasty
- NES: Jacksonian Democracy
- NES: Life in Antebellum America
- NES: Manifest Destiny
- NES: American Civil War
- NES: Reconstruction
- NES: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization
- NES: American Imperialism
- NES: The Progressive Era
- NES: The Roaring 20s in America
- NES: The Great Depression
- NES: Post-War World
- NES: The Cold War
- NES: Protests, Activism & Civil Disobedience
- NES: The 1970s in America
- NES: America in the 1980s
- NES: America from 1992 to the Present
- NES: Introduction to Geography
- NES: Tools Used by Geographers
- NES: The Origin & Dispersal of Humans & Culture
- NES: Effects of Population on the Environment
- NES: Spatial Processes
- NES: Geography of Land Resources
- NES: Impacts of Humans on the Environment
- NES: Settlement Patterns
- NES: Ethnicity & Geography
- NES: Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- NES: Social Groups & Organizations
- NES: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
- NES: Political Ideologies & Philosophy
- NES: The Study of American Government
- NES: Constitutional Democracy
- NES: Federalism in the United States
- NES: Civil Liberties
- NES: Civil Rights
- NES: Electoral Systems
- NES: Types of Legislatures in Government
- NES: The American Presidency
- NES: Congressional Powers & Representation
- NES: The Federal Judicial System
- NES: Foreign Policy
- NES: Consumer Economics
- NES: Personal Finance
- NES: Types of Business Organization
- NES: Scarcity, Choice & the Production Possibilities Curve
- NES: Demand, Supply & Market Equilibrium
- NES: Aggregate Demand & Supply
- NES: Measuring the Economy
- NES: Inflation Measurement & Adjustment
- NES: Understanding Unemployment
- NES: Macroeconomic Equilibrium
- NES: Inflation & Unemployment
- NES: Money, Banking & Financial Markets
- NES: Central Bank & the Money Supply
- NES: Economic Policies
- NES Middle Grades Social Science Flashcards