About This Chapter
NES ELA: Organizing Written Works - Chapter Summary
This chapter uses a combination of engaging video lessons and interactive quizzes to get you up to speed on analyzing and interpreting literature for the NES ELA exam. You'll cover structure and organization in literature, as well as literary elements and devices like setting, anecdote and paradox. You'll also review the following topics:
- Interaction of story elements
- Foreshadowing and flashback
- Finding the problem and solution
- Identifying cause and effect
- Allegory, symbolism and imagery
- Analyzing characters
- Apostrophe and personification
- Intertextuality in literary works
These lessons are a quick and easy way to get up to speed on essential literary topics. Review the areas you need to work on and skip the ones you don't with the video timeline tags. Each lesson comes with a corresponding practice quiz so you can check your understanding of the material.
NES ELA: Organizing Written Works Objectives
The NES ELA exam is part of the certification process for English teachers in some states. The test consists of 150 multiple-choice questions and is delivered electronically. This chapter is designed to help you with questions on the analysis of fiction, drama and literary nonfiction in the Analyzing and Interpreting Literature subarea of the exam. This portion of the exam accounts for approximately 23% of the total test score.
To correctly answer these types of questions on the exam, you'll need to be capable of analyzing literary, rhetorical and dramatic techniques and structural elements. You'll also need to be able to analyze the setting, plot and characters in a given literary work.
1. Structure in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn exactly what is meant by structure of literature. Some common methods of organization are provided. The main focus will explore the narrative structure of literature, using the popular story of Cinderella to help understand the various elements associated with this structure.
2. Identifying the Organization in a Reading Selection
Nonfiction texts can be organized in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify which organizational structure is being used in a reading selection.
3. How Story Elements Interact & Shape One Another
Story elements are not just individual parts of a story that function on their own. In this lesson, we will explore the basic elements of a story and how they interact and shape one another to affect the story.
4. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
5. What is a Flashback in Literature? - Definition & Examples
This lesson will assist you in identifying and understanding the components of flashbacks found in literature. See examples of flashbacks, and then test your understanding through a quiz.
6. How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection
Informational texts can be arranged in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify the problem/solution structure. We will look at key words used and an example that uses this format.
7. How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection
Cause and effect structures can be used to describe how an action takes place. This lesson will discuss how to find this structure within a reading selection.
8. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
9. How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples
In this lesson, we will learn to analyze characters in literature by comprehending, interpreting and drawing conclusions about each character. We will look at a story to practice analyzing characters.
10. Setting in Literature: Definition, Importance & Examples
In this lesson, you'll review the important elements of a story. In particular, you'll learn about the components of the setting and its importance within the plot.
11. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
12. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama
In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.
13. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
14. Epithet in Literature: Definition & Examples
Come explore the 'wine-dark' sea and meet Alexander the Great in this lesson on epithets! Keep reading to get familiar with the term and its many types, and get a chance to see these descriptors in action!
15. Paradox in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll learn what a paradox is and what role they play in literature. We'll also look at several examples of paradoxes, including ones from Shakespeare, George Orwell and Joseph Heller.
16. Anecdote in Literature: Definition & Examples
All of us have little stories of funny or sobering personal experiences and have probably heard those of several others. In this lesson, you'll learn what makes these stories 'anecdotes,' as well as encounter a few examples of these brief narratives in literature!
17. What is Parallelism in Literature? - Definition & Examples
Parallelism is a device used to make moments in literature memorable and alluring. Learn what makes parallelism such a powerful tool and read some famous literary examples.
18. Intertextuality in Literature: Definition & Examples
Have you ever read something that you know you've seen somewhere before? Some people might explain this as 'intertextuality,' and they wouldn't be wrong. Find out more about this idea that goes much deeper than literary deja-vu in this lesson!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the NES English Language Art (301): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the NES Test
- NES ELA: Structure, Analysis & Word Meanings
- NES ELA: Strategies for Acquiring New Vocabulary
- NES ELA: Influences on the English Language
- NES ELA: Figures of Speech & Meaning
- NES ELA: Reading & Comprehension Strategies
- NES ELA: Climax & Plot in Written Works
- NES ELA: Themes in Written Works
- NES ELA: Points of View in Literature
- NES ELA: Strategies for Reading Informational Texts
- NES ELA: Strategies for Reading Persuasive Texts
- NES ELA: Strategies for Reading Technical & Functional Texts
- NES ELA: Genres in Literature
- NES ELA: Analyzing & Interpreting Nonfiction
- NES ELA: Analyzing & Interpreting Literary Fiction
- NES ELA: Types of Literary Fiction
- NES ELA: Analyzing & Interpreting Literary Drama
- NES ELA: Analyzing & Interpreting Poetry
- NES ELA: Analyzing & Interpreting Prose
- NES ELA: Literature in Old English & Middle English
- NES ELA: The Renaissance in English Literature
- NES ELA: English Literature in the 17th & 18th Century
- NES ELA: Romantic Prose in English Literature
- NES ELA: The Romantic Poetry Movement
- NES ELA: Victorian Literature
- NES ELA: Turn-of-the-Century Literature
- NES ELA: Modernist Authors in English Literature
- NES ELA: Nonfiction in English Literature
- NES ELA: The Oral Tradition
- NES ELA: Noun & Verb Usage in the English Language
- NES ELA: Phrases & Clauses in English
- NES ELA: Types of Sentences in English
- NES ELA: Modifiers in the English Language
- NES ELA: Grammar Conventions
- NES ELA: Comma Rules
- NES ELA: Spelling Rules
- NES ELA: Precision & Clarity in Writing
- NES ELA: Effective Composition Writing
- NES ELA: The Writing Process
- NES ELA: Research Writing
- NES ELA: Narrative Writing Strategies
- NES ELA: Expository Writing Strategies
- NES ELA: Persuasive Writing Strategies
- NES ELA: Analytical Writing Strategies
- NES ELA: Effective Listening Strategies
- NES ELA: Public Speaking Strategies
- NES ELA: Viewing & Presenting Images