# Ch 23: NES Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions

### About This Chapter

## NES Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to review information on exponents and logarithms as you prepare for the NES Math test. Engaging videos look at topics such as:

- Definition of an exponential function
- How to calculate compounding interest
- Definition of logarithm
- Properties of logarithms
- How to solve exponential and logarithmic equations
- Ways to graph logarithms
- Transformation of exponential functions
- How to use the change-of-base formula

You can watch these lively lessons at any time using a computer, smartphone or tablet. Our instructors provide practice problems in the lessons. Short quizzes and a comprehensive chapter exam offer a way to evaluate your learning after you complete the lessons. If you submit an incorrect answer, video links allow you to quickly jump to the section of the lesson that explains what the right answer is. Other study tools include a sheet of quiz questions you can print and use for additional review and a text transcript with important terms in bold type.

### NES Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Objectives

Five states require passing the NES Math test as a condition for certification to teach the subject at the secondary level. The test is administered by computer, and all its questions are multiple-choice. Because our lesson quizzes and the chapter exam are also computer-based multiple-choice tests, they can familiarize you with what you'll encounter on test day in addition to assessing your knowledge.

The NES Math test is sectioned into five content domains, and questions on the material this chapter covers are in the Trigonometry and Calculus content domain. This part of the test accounts for 19% of the total score.

### 1. What Is an Exponential Function?

Brand new technologies don't always catch on right away because they can be expensive and don't always work as well as they should. But once the price comes down, and they start to work better, it doesn't take very long before it seems like everyone has one. Learn about the numbers behind this, exponential functions!

### 2. Exponential Growth vs. Decay

How is it that it only takes four years for our computer to go from top-of-the-line to almost worthless? Well, it has something to do with what's called exponential decay, which we'll learn about here!

### 3. Compounding Interest Formulas: Calculations & Examples

Compound interest is a great way to have your money work for you. In this lesson, find out the formula for calculating compound interest and practice using the formula with several examples.

### 4. What is a Logarithm?

Logarithms can help you solve exponential functions. In this lesson, you will learn about how to work with and recognize logarithms, and how to use logarithm notation with an example problem about earthquakes!

### 5. How to Evaluate Logarithms

Using this lesson, you can get practice evaluating logarithms, as well as learn some of the shortcuts behind writing and estimating them. You can also learn how to use your calculator to evaluate logarithms, and learn about a concept called the change of base theory.

### 6. Logarithmic Properties

Along with the change of base property, there are three other logarithmic properties that allow you to manipulate expressions to your advantage. Learn about the product rule, quotient rule and power rule here.

### 7. Practice Problems for Logarithmic Properties

As you get further and further into mathematics, logarithms will appear more and more. It's the point of this lesson to get you used to dealing with them and able to know what to do when you see a whole line of paper full of them!

### 8. How to Solve Exponential Equations

Read this lesson to learn the steps you need to take to solve exponential equations. You'll see that it's not too difficult; you just need to make use of one other mathematical operation in order to solve your problems.

### 9. How to Solve Logarithmic Equations

If you're ever picking out a telescope to see your favorite planet, make sure you do the math first! Learn how to solve the logarithmic equation that will get you the size telescope you want.

### 10. How to Graph Logarithms: Transformations and Effects on Domain/Range

The graph of a basic logarithm is relatively simple. This lesson will show you how to graph a logarithm and what the transformations will do to the graph as well as their effects on the domain and range of the graph.

### 11. Transformation of Exponential Functions: Examples & Summary

All exponential functions follow a basic graph. But when you make changes to the function, you will see the graph shift and make changes. Watch this video lesson to learn how to easily identify these changes or transformations.

### 12. Using the Change-of-Base Formula for Logarithms: Definition & Example

Logarithms have many uses in the real world. But what happens when the calculation uses a base other than the standard base 10? Watch this video to find out how to handle this situation and the formula to use.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the NES Mathematics (304): Practice & Study Guide course

- NES Math: Properties of Real Numbers
- NES Math: Fractions
- NES Math: Decimals & Percents
- NES Math: Ratios & Proportions
- NES Math: Units of Measure & Conversions
- NES Math: Logic
- NES Math: Reasoning
- NES Math: Vector Operations
- NES Math: Matrix Operations & Determinants
- NES Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- NES Math: Algebraic Expressions
- NES Math: Linear Equations
- NES Math: Inequalities
- NES Math: Absolute Value
- NES Math: Quadratic Equations
- NES Math: Polynomials
- NES Math: Rational Expressions
- NES Math: Radical Expressions
- NES Math: Systems of Equations
- NES Math: Complex Numbers
- NES Math: Functions
- NES Math: Piecewise Functions
- NES Math: Continuity of Functions
- NES Math: Limits
- NES Math: Rate of Change
- NES Math: Derivative Rules
- NES Math: Graphing Derivatives
- NES Math: Applications of Derivatives
- NES Math: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- NES Math: Integration Techniques
- NES Math: Applications of Integration
- NES Math: Foundations of Geometry
- NES Math: Geometric Figures
- NES Math: Properties of Triangles
- NES Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- NES Math: Parallel Lines & Polygons
- NES Math: Quadrilaterals
- NES Math: Circles & Arc of a Circle
- NES Math: Conic Sections
- NES Math: Geometric Solids
- NES Math: Analytical Geometry
- NES Math: Trigonometric Functions
- NES Math: Trigonometric Graphs
- NES Math: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- NES Math: Trigonometric Identities
- NES Math: Sequences & Series
- NES Math: Graph Theory
- NES Math: Set Theory
- NES Math: Statistics Overview
- NES Math: Summarizing Data
- NES Math: Tables, Plots & Graphs
- NES Math: Probability
- NES Math: Discrete Probability Distributions
- NES Math: Continuous Probability Distributions
- NES Math: Sampling
- NES Math: Regression & Correlation
- NES Mathematics Flashcards