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Ch 4: NES Middle Grades ELA: Figures of Speech

About This Chapter

Learn more about figures of speech by viewing each of this chapter's short and animated video lessons. After your review, take the practice exam to prepare for NES Middle Grades ELA examination questions.

NES Middle Grades ELA: Figures of Speech - Chapter Summary

Expand your understanding of figures of speech so that you can qualify for certification to teach middle grade students about topics such as euphemism, alliteration and irony. Consisting of video lessons and self-assessment quizzes, this chapter explores these subjects and more. Use them as a study tool as you get set to take the NES Middle Grades ELA examination. The information you gather and recall might help you with:

  • Identifying and interpreting figures of speech
  • Comprehending word meanings through their relationships
  • Defining alliteration, onomatopoeia, allusion and illusion
  • Understanding the use of similes and metaphors in literature
  • Explaining the significance of consonance, assonance and repetition
  • Providing examples of equivocations, paradoxes and cliches
  • Understanding the meanings of synonyms, antonyms and analogies
  • Exploring euphemisms and different kinds of irony
  • Discussing the use of oxymorons and puns in literature
  • Distinguishing between synecdoche and metonymy as well as understatement and litotes

Each of the interactive video lessons contains information that you'll need to know when you take the NES Middle Grades ELA examination for teacher certification. Usually between five and ten minutes in length, the videos include written transcripts along with quizzes and worksheets. Study online whenever your schedule permits, or print out your quiz results and learn offline as well.

NES Middle Grades ELA: Figures of Speech Chapter Objectives

The Reading Various Text Forms and Analyzing and Interpreting Literature content domain of the NES Middle Grades ELA examination includes the topics that were covered in this chapter. For example, you'll display your understanding of similes, metaphors and analogies while you pursue an English Language Arts teaching endorsement. The domain is the equivalent of 29% of the test score. Composed of five content domains in all, the examination is administered by computer. You'll have about three hours to complete its 150 multiple-choice questions.

17 Lessons in Chapter 4: NES Middle Grades ELA: Figures of Speech
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is a Figure of Speech?

1. What Is a Figure of Speech?

In this lesson, we will define figure of speech and explain why it is important in your writing. After this definition, we will examine the more common figure of speeches and look at some examples.

Interpreting Figures of Speech in Context

2. Interpreting Figures of Speech in Context

Figures of speech can add humor or drama to any situation, but you have to understand what they mean in order to connect the dots. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to interpret figures of speech, such as verbal irony, puns, idioms, and hyperbole.

Understanding Words By Their Relationships

3. Understanding Words By Their Relationships

Many words in the English language have multiple meanings. To really understand a word, we have to understand the relationship between particular words. In this lesson, we will examine this through connotations, denotations, synonyms, and analogies.

Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

4. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples

Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.

Alliteration: Definition & Examples

5. Alliteration: Definition & Examples

Alliteration is a figure of speech used to create rhythm and bring focus to a line or sentence in a piece of written material. Learn about the definition of alliteration, see examples of alliteration and test your knowledge with a quiz.

Onomatopoeia in Literature: Definition & Examples

6. Onomatopoeia in Literature: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will explore onomatopoeia, one way in which poets convey sound. When a poet uses onomatopoeia, the word, itself, looks like the sound it makes, and somehow we 'hear' it as we read.

What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

7. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types

Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.

Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

8. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples

Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.

Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples

9. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples

In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.

Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

10. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples

Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.

Using Synonyms, Antonyms & Analogies to Improve Understanding

11. Using Synonyms, Antonyms & Analogies to Improve Understanding

In this lesson, you'll explore your three best friends when it comes to understanding difficult words: antonyms, synonyms, and analogies. Then, test your knowledge of these three buddies with a quiz.

Euphemism: Definition & Examples

12. Euphemism: Definition & Examples

This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.

Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

13. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions

Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.

How to Recognize and Use Oxymorons

14. How to Recognize and Use Oxymorons

In this lesson, we will define the figure of speech called an oxymoron and look at several examples. We will then discuss how to recognize oxymorons and use them correctly in writing.

Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples

15. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples

Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.

Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples

16. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples

In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.

Pun in Literature: Definition & Examples

17. Pun in Literature: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll briefly review figurative language. Furthermore, we'll look closer at one type of figurative language: the pun. You'll be able to analyze some examples of the pun and see why it's used.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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