About This Chapter
NES Middle Grades ELA: Grammar & Parts of Speech - Chapter Summary
As you prepare for the NES Middle Grades ELA assessment, you may find yourself getting reacquainted with topics you haven't explored in months or years. Ease the process of reviewing these topics with video lessons that gauge your readiness to:
- Define singular, plural, possessive, and collective noun forms
- Understand relative, reflexive, personal, and possessive pronoun types
- Describe the antecedent, compound antecedent, and their relationships with pronouns
- Provide the meaning and functions of action, linking, and auxiliary verbs
- Explain verb forms, compare adjectives and adverbs, and identify the subject of a sentence
- Share knowledge of verb tense and subject-verb agreement
The video lessons in this chapter are short, averaging 10 minutes apiece. Accessing brief lessons can ease the overwhelming task of reviewing years of subject matter. Watch the videos as often as you'd like until you feel you've absorbed the information in the lessons.
NES Middle Grades ELA: Grammar & Parts of Speech - Chapter Objectives
The NES Middle Grades ELA: Grammar & Parts of Speech chapter helps you prepare for the exam by covering topics found in the English language conventions, composition, writing process and research content domain, which constitutes about 15% of the total exam. The assessment is used by many states as a way to gauge educators' knowledge and skills as they prepare to teach English language arts in the middle grades classroom. Earning a passing score of 220 (or 222 in Oregon) can help secure state teaching certification or licensure.
All of the questions on the exam are multiple-choice and are taken on computer. The quizzes in this chapter are formatted similarly, giving you the added practice you need to prepare for the test. You can also take a chapter exam to assess your readiness to answer questions related to grammar and parts of speech. If you have any questions about lesson topics, submit them to our experts.
1. What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types & Examples
A noun is a part of speech that identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. In this lesson, in addition to learning how to identify nouns, you'll learn the difference between proper and common nouns and a bit about how nouns function in sentences.
2. Singular & Plural Nouns: Definitions, Rules & Examples
This video takes a look at how singular nouns are turned into plural nouns. Check it out to learn about regular and irregular plurals as well as important definitions, rules, and exceptions.
3. What Are Possessive Nouns? - Examples, Definition & Types
This video explains what you need to know to use apostrophes to make singular and plural nouns possessive. You'll also learn how to avoid mixing up your plurals and possessives.
4. What Are Collective Nouns?
In this lesson, you'll find out what collective nouns are as well as how to ensure that you're using the right verbs and pronouns in sentences that contain them.
5. What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll learn about pronouns in general, and take a look at two types of personal pronouns: subjective case and objective case pronouns. Knowing which case of pronoun you'll need can help you avoid common pronoun errors.
6. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
7. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
8. Using Nouns as the Subject of a Sentence: Grammar Rules & Examples
A subject is an essential part of a sentence. This video explains the role that subjects play in sentences, how nouns work as subjects and the various types of subjects.
9. Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples
In writing, many people get possessive pronouns and contractions confused. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two, as well as how to use apostrophes in order to form contractions.
10. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
11. Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples
You may know already that an antecedent and its pronoun must agree in number. In this lesson, you'll learn about compound antecedents and the various rules involving how they can be made to agree with pronouns.
12. Personal Pronouns and Antecedents: Number Agreement
In this lesson, you'll learn how to avoid one of the most common grammatical mistakes in writing by learning how to ensure that all of the antecedents in your writing agree in number with the pronouns that they're matched up with.
13. Action, Linking and Auxiliary Verbs: Definitions, Functions & Examples
Do you think that a verb is just a verb? Check out this lesson to learn about the differences among action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary/helping verbs.
14. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
15. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
16. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
17. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
18. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
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Other chapters within the NES Middle Grades English Language Arts (201): Practice & Study Guide course
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Foundations of Reading
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Identifying the Meaning of Words
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Teaching Vocabulary
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Figures of Speech
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Interpretation
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Reading Comprehension Strategies
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Elements & Structure
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Climax & Plot in Literature
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Themes
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Points of View in Literature
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Reading Informational Texts
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Elements of Persuasive Texts
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Genres & Types of Literature
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Nonfiction
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Interpreting Literary Fiction
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Types of Literary Fiction
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Drama Analysis
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Types of Poetry
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Analyzing Prose
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Significant Literary Works
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Phrases & Clauses
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Sentence Structure
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Modifiers
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Punctuation Rules
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Spelling Rules
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Composition Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Clarity in Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: The Writing Process
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Writing Research & Citation
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Narrative Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Descriptive Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Expository Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Persuasive Writing
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Active Listening
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Fundamentals of Public Speaking
- NES Middle Grades ELA: Visual Aids in Communication
- NES Middle Grades English Language Arts Flashcards