Ch 7: NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Elements & Structure

About This Chapter

Use our video lessons and self-assessment quizzes to review information about literary structure and story elements. By studying this material, you will prepare yourself to answer questions found in the NES Middle Grades English Language Arts exam.

NES Middle Grades English Language Arts: Literary Elements & Structure - Chapter Summary

You will have the opportunity to brush up on your knowledge of specific literary terms and devices, such as foreshadowing and catharsis, by viewing the short video lessons in this chapter. Most of the lessons contain examples so you will be able to see the application of these devices and elements. This chapter addresses the following:

  • Understanding the interaction of story elements
  • Defining flashback, foreshadowing, catharsis, epithet, paradox, and parallelism and how these are used
  • Discussing cause and effect
  • Identifying problems and solutions in a story
  • Learning how imagery, symbolism, anecdotes, and personification are used in literature
  • Analyzing setting and characters in a story

Video lessons are short and engaging, and quizzes help you gauge your understanding of much of the same material that you're likely to find on the NES Middle Grades English Language Arts exam.

NES Middle Grades English Language Arts: Literary Elements & Structure - Chapter Objectives

Once you have successfully reviewed the Literary Elements & Structure chapter, you should be prepared to answer the questions found in the analyzing and interpreting literary texts portion of the second content domain of the NES Middle Grades English Language Arts exam. This domain covers analyzing and interpreting literature and various text forms.

This portion of the test, which is a computer-based test consisting of 150 multiple-choice questions in all, reflects 29% of your total score. The NES is a content-area teacher certification exam, intended for aspiring middle grade language arts teachers seeking licensure in the field.

18 Lessons in Chapter 7: NES Middle Grades ELA: Literary Elements & Structure
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Structure in Literature: Definition & Examples

1. Structure in Literature: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we will learn exactly what is meant by structure of literature. Some common methods of organization are provided. The main focus will explore the narrative structure of literature, using the popular story of Cinderella to help understand the various elements associated with this structure.

Identifying the Organization in a Reading Selection

2. Identifying the Organization in a Reading Selection

Nonfiction texts can be organized in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify which organizational structure is being used in a reading selection.

How Story Elements Interact & Shape One Another

3. How Story Elements Interact & Shape One Another

Story elements are not just individual parts of a story that function on their own. In this lesson, we explore the basic elements of a story and how they interact and shape one another to affect the story.

What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions

4. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions

Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.

What is a Flashback in Literature? - Definition & Examples

5. What is a Flashback in Literature? - Definition & Examples

This lesson will assist you in identifying and understanding the components of flashbacks found in literature. See examples of flashbacks, and then test your understanding through a quiz.

How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection

6. How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection

Informational texts can be arranged in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify the problem/solution structure. We will look at key words used and an example that uses this format.

How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection

7. How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection

Cause and effect structures can be used to describe how an action takes place. This lesson will discuss how to find this structure within a reading selection.

Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples

8. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples

Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.

How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples

9. How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples

In this lesson, we will learn to analyze characters in literature by comprehending, interpreting and drawing conclusions about each character. We will look at a story to practice analyzing characters.

Setting in Literature: Definition, Importance & Examples

10. Setting in Literature: Definition, Importance & Examples

In this lesson, you'll review the important elements of a story. In particular, you'll learn about the components of the setting and its importance within the plot.

Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

11. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples

In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.

What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama

12. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama

In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.

Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples

13. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples

In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.

Epithet in Literature: Definition & Examples

14. Epithet in Literature: Definition & Examples

Come explore the 'wine-dark' sea and meet Alexander the Great in this lesson on epithets! Keep reading to get familiar with the term and its many types, and get a chance to see these descriptors in action!

Paradox in Literature: Definition & Examples

15. Paradox in Literature: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll learn what a paradox is and what role they play in literature. We'll also look at several examples of paradoxes, including ones from Shakespeare, George Orwell and Joseph Heller.

Anecdote in Literature: Definition & Examples

16. Anecdote in Literature: Definition & Examples

All of us have little stories of funny or sobering personal experiences and have probably heard those of several others. In this lesson, you'll learn what makes these stories 'anecdotes,' as well as encounter a few examples of these brief narratives in literature!

What is Parallelism in Literature? - Definition & Examples

17. What is Parallelism in Literature? - Definition & Examples

Parallelism is a device used to make moments in literature memorable and alluring. Learn what makes parallelism such a powerful tool and read some famous literary examples.

Intertextuality in Literature: Definition & Examples

18. Intertextuality in Literature: Definition & Examples

Have you ever read something that you know you've seen somewhere before? Some people might explain this as 'intertextuality,' and they wouldn't be wrong. Find out more about this idea that goes much deeper than literary deja-vu in this lesson!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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